Sometimes nature doesn't work: absence of attention restoration in older adults exposed to environmental scenes

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dc.contributor.author Cassarino, Marica
dc.contributor.author Tuohy, Isabella C.
dc.contributor.author Setti, Annalisa
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-10T11:23:09Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-10T11:23:09Z
dc.date.issued 2019-06-07
dc.identifier.citation Cassarino, M., Tuohy, I. C. and Setti, A. (2019) 'Sometimes nature doesn't work: absence of attention restoration in older adults exposed to environmental scenes', Experimental Aging Research, 45(4), pp. 372-385. doi: 10.1080/0361073X.2019.1627497 en
dc.identifier.volume 45 en
dc.identifier.issued 4 en
dc.identifier.startpage 372 en
dc.identifier.endpage 385 en
dc.identifier.issn 0361-073X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/8132
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/0361073X.2019.1627497 en
dc.description.abstract Background/Study Context: An accumulating body of literature indicates that contact with natural settings can benefit health and wellbeing. Numerous studies support Attention Restoration Theory (ART), which suggests that even short exposure to nature, as opposed to urban environments, can promote attention restoration by stimulating soft fascination. However, it is unclear whether the restorative effects hold in aging. This study tested nature effect on cognitive restoration in older people.Methods: Utilizing the Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART), we explored changes in attentional performance in 75 healthy older individuals before and after exposure to either natural or urban scenes. We checked for age-related differences by comparing the older sample to a group of 21 young participants.Results: We found no effects of environmental exposure for either attentional accuracy, sensitivity to visual targets or reaction times. Our older participants had worse accuracy and slower reaction times than a younger control group who used the same paradigm.Conclusion: The results of our study conducted with older adults show no attention restoration effects in this population. Potential geographical/cultural moderators as wells as methodological considerations are discussed to provide insights for future studies on cognitive restoration in older age. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis Group en
dc.rights © 2019, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Experimental Aging Research on 7 June 2019, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2019.1627497 en
dc.subject Attention Restoration Theory en
dc.subject ART en
dc.subject Soft fascination en
dc.subject Cognitive restoration en
dc.subject Sustained Attention to Response Task en
dc.subject SART en
dc.subject Older age en
dc.subject Directed attention
dc.subject Restorative environments
dc.subject Aging
dc.subject Nature
dc.subject Urban
dc.title Sometimes nature doesn't work: absence of attention restoration in older adults exposed to environmental scenes en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Marica Cassarino, Applied Psychology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: mcassarino@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info Access to this article is restricted until 12 months after publication by request of the publisher. en
dc.check.date 2020-06-07
dc.date.updated 2019-07-10T11:17:39Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 492288986
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Experimental Aging Research en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress mcassarino@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress a.setti@ucc.ie en
dc.identifier.eissn 1096-4657


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