Neurovascular coupling remains intact during incremental ascent to high altitude (4240 m) in acclimatized healthy volunteers

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dc.contributor.author Leacy, Jack K.
dc.contributor.author Zouboules, Shaelynn M.
dc.contributor.author Mann, Carli R.
dc.contributor.author Peltonen, Joel D. B.
dc.contributor.author Saran, Gurkan
dc.contributor.author Nysten, Cassandra E.
dc.contributor.author Nysten, Heidi E.
dc.contributor.author Brutsaert, Tom D.
dc.contributor.author O'Halloran, Ken D.
dc.contributor.author Sherpa, Mingma T.
dc.contributor.author Day, Trevor A.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-12T15:04:06Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-12T15:04:06Z
dc.date.issued 2018-11-28
dc.identifier.citation Leacy, J.K., Zouboules, S.M., Mann, C.R., Peltonen, J.D., Saran, G., Nysten, C.E., Nysten, H.E., Brutsaert, T.D., O’Halloran, K.D., Sherpa, M.T. and Day, T.A., 2018. Neurovascular Coupling Remains Intact During Incremental Ascent to High Altitude (4240 m) in Acclimatized Healthy Volunteers. Frontiers in physiology, 9: 1691. DOI:10.3389/fphys.2018.01691 en
dc.identifier.volume 9 en
dc.identifier.startpage 1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 13 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/8307
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fphys.2018.01691 en
dc.description.abstract Neurovascular coupling (NVC) is the temporal link between neuronal metabolic activity and regional cerebral blood flow, supporting adequate delivery of nutrients. Exposure to high altitude (HA) imposes several stressors, including hypoxia and hypocapnia, which modulate cerebrovascular tone in an antagonistic fashion. Whether these contrasting stressors and subsequent adaptations affect NVC during incremental ascent to HA is unclear. The aim of this study was to assess whether incremental ascent to HA influences the NVC response. Given that cerebral blood flow (CBF) is sensitive to changes in arterial blood gases, in particular PaCO2, we hypothesized that the vasoconstrictive effect of hypocapnia during ascent would decrease the NVC response. 10 healthy study participants (21.7±1.3yrs, 23.57±2.00kg/m2, mean±SD) were recruited as part of a research expedition to HA in the Nepal Himalaya. Resting posterior cerebral artery velocity (PCAv), arterial blood gases (PaO2, SaO2, PaCO2, [HCO3-], base excess and arterial blood pH) and NVC response of the PCA were measured at four pre-determined locations: Calgary/Kathmandu (1045/1400m, control), Namche (3440m), Deboche (3820m) and Pheriche (4240m). PCAv was measured using transcranial Doppler ultrasound. Arterial blood draws were taken from the radial artery and analyzed using a portable blood gas/electrolyte analyzer. NVC was determined in response to visual stimulation (VS; Strobe light; 6Hz; 30sec on/off x 3 trials). The NVC response was averaged across three VS trials at each location. PaO2, SaO2 and PaCO2 were each significantly decreased at 3440m, 3820m and 4240m. No significant differences were found for pH at HA (P>0.05) due to significant reductions in [HCO3-] (P<0.043). As expected, incremental ascent to HA induced a state of hypoxic hypocapnia, whereas normal arterial pH was maintained due to renal compensation. NVC was quantified as the delta (∆) PCAv from baseline for mean PCAv, peak PCAv and total area under the curve (∆PCAv tAUC) during VS. No significant differences were found for ∆mean, ∆peak or ∆PCAv tAUC between locations (P>0.05). NVC remains remarkably intact during incremental ascent to HA in healthy acclimatized individuals. Despite the array of superimposed stressors associated with ascent to HA, CBF and NVC regulation may be preserved coincident with arterial pH maintenance during acclimatization. en
dc.description.sponsorship NSERC (TAD: RGPIN2016-04915); Alberta Innovates - Health Solutions (Alberta Innovates Health Solution Summer studentship); Government of Alberta (Student Temporary Employment Program) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Frontiers Media en
dc.relation.uri https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphys.2018.01691/full
dc.rights © 2018 Leacy, Zouboules, Mann, Peltonen, Saran, Nysten, Nysten, Brutsaert, O’Halloran, Sherpa and Day. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Neurovascular coupling en
dc.subject Hypocapnia en
dc.subject Hypoxia en
dc.subject High-altitude (HA) en
dc.subject Cerebral blood flow en
dc.title Neurovascular coupling remains intact during incremental ascent to high altitude (4240 m) in acclimatized healthy volunteers en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Ken O'Halloran, Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: k.ohalloran@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.contributor.funder Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada en
dc.contributor.funder Alberta Innovates - Health Solutions en
dc.contributor.funder Government of Alberta en
dc.contributor.funder University College Cork en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Frontiers in Physiology en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress k.ohalloran@ucc.ie en
dc.identifier.articleid 1691 en
dc.identifier.eissn 1664-042X


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© 2018 Leacy, Zouboules, Mann, Peltonen, Saran, Nysten, Nysten, Brutsaert, O’Halloran, Sherpa and Day. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2018 Leacy, Zouboules, Mann, Peltonen, Saran, Nysten, Nysten, Brutsaert, O’Halloran, Sherpa and Day. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
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