Effectiveness of a deep-sea cold-water coral marine protected area, following eight years of fisheries closure

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dc.contributor.author Huvenne, V. A. I.
dc.contributor.author Bett, B. J.
dc.contributor.author Masson, D. G.
dc.contributor.author Le Bas, T. P.
dc.contributor.author Wheeler, Andrew J.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-26T07:20:55Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-26T07:20:55Z
dc.date.issued 2016-06-09
dc.identifier.citation Huvenne, V. A. I., Bett, B. J., Masson, D. G., Le Bas, T. P. and Wheeler, A. J. (2016), 'Effectiveness of a deep-sea cold-water coral Marine Protected Area, following eight years of fisheries closure', Biological Conservation, 200, pp. 60-69. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.05.030 en
dc.identifier.volume 200 en
dc.identifier.startpage 60 en
dc.identifier.endpage 69 en
dc.identifier.issn 0006-3207
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/8882
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.05.030 en
dc.description.abstract Pressure on deep-sea ecosystems continues to increase as anthropogenic activities move into ever deeper waters. To mitigate impacts on vulnerable habitats, various conservation measures exist, such as the designation of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). So far, however, little evidence is available about their effectiveness. This paper presents a unique follow-up study assessing the status and recovery of a deep-sea fisheries closure and MPA at ~ 1000 m water depth in the NE Atlantic, eight years after designation. The Darwin Mounds cold-water coral ecosystem was discovered in 1998, and closed to all bottom contact fisheries, especially trawling, in 2003. Our repeat survey in 2011 used both high-resolution sidescan sonar data collected by Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) and video footage from a Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) to evaluate recovery. The results demonstrate that (1) protection was successful and fishing impact was largely avoided in the Western Darwin Mounds, which contained similar proportions of live cold-water coral occurrence in 2011 as observed in 1998–2000; however (2) the Eastern Darwin Mounds suffered severe damage pre-closure, and by 2011 showed no coral recolonisation and very little regrowth. These results are further evidence for the low resilience and slow recovery potential of deep-sea ecosystems, and underline once again the importance of the precautionary principle in deep-sea conservation. en
dc.description.sponsorship Fifth Framework Programme (EU FP5 project ACES (Atlantic Coral Ecosystem Study, Contract no. EVK3-CT-1999-00008)) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.relation.uri https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320716302117?via%3Dihub
dc.rights ©016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Cold-water coral ecosystem resilience en
dc.subject Bottom trawling en
dc.subject Marine conservation en
dc.subject Precautionary principle en
dc.subject Monitoring of deep-sea MPAs en
dc.title Effectiveness of a deep-sea cold-water coral marine protected area, following eight years of fisheries closure en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Andrew Wheeler, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email:a.wheeler@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.contributor.funder Natural Environment Research Council en
dc.contributor.funder European Research Council en
dc.contributor.funder Atlantic Frontier Environmental Network en
dc.contributor.funder Fifth Framework Programme en
dc.contributor.funder PEW Foundation en
dc.contributor.funder Joint Nature Conservation Committee en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Biological Conservation en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress a.wheeler@ucc.ie en
dc.relation.project info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7::SP2::ERC/258482/EU/COmplex Deep-sea Environments: Mapping habitat heterogeneity As Proxy for biodiversity/CODEMAP en


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©016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as ©016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
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