Vitamin D in wild and farmed atlantic salmon (Salmo Salar)—what do we know?

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Date
2019-04-29
Authors
Jakobsen, Jette
Smith, Cat
Bysted, Anette
Cashman, Kevin D.
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MDPI
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Abstract
Salmon have been widely publicized as a good dietary source of vitamin D, but recent data points to large variation in vitamin D content and differences between wild and farmed salmon. We aimed to: (1) investigate the content of vitamin D in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in wild species caught in two different waters, (2) perform a 12-week feeding trial in farmed Salmo salar with 270–1440 µg vitamin D3/kg feed (4–20 times maximum level in the EU) and (3) conduct a review for the published data on the content of vitamin D in salmonids. Content of vitamin D3 in the fillet from wild salmon caught in the Baltic Sea and the North Sea was significantly different (p < 0.05), being 18.5 ± 4.6 µg/100 g and 9.4 ± 1.9 µg/100 g, respectively. In the farmed salmon the content ranged from 2.9 ± 0.7 µg vitamin D3/100 g to 9.5 ± 0.7 µg vitamin D3/100 g. Data from 2018 shows that farmed salmon contained 2.3–7.3 µg vitamin D3/100 g. Information on the content of vitamin D in wild and farmed salmonids is very limited, which calls for further research to ensure a sustainable production of salmon with adequate vitamin D.
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Vitamin D , Vitamin D3 , Wild , Farmed , Aquaculture , Salmon , Salmonids , Salmo salar
Citation
Jakobsen, J., Smith, C., Bysted, A. and Cashman, K.D., 2019. Vitamin D in Wild and Farmed Atlantic Salmon (Salmo Salar)—What Do We Know?. Nutrients, 11(5), (982). DOI:10.3390/nu11050982