Factors associated with deliberate self-harm among Irish adolescents

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dc.contributor.author McMahon, Elaine M.
dc.contributor.author Reulbach, Udo
dc.contributor.author Corcoran, Paul
dc.contributor.author Keeley, Helen S.
dc.contributor.author Perry, Ivan J.
dc.contributor.author Arensman, Ella
dc.date.accessioned 2013-01-24T12:41:50Z
dc.date.available 2013-01-24T12:41:50Z
dc.date.copyright 2010
dc.date.issued 2010-11
dc.identifier.citation E. M. McMahon, U. Reulbach, P. Corcoran, H. S. Keeley, I. J. Perry and E. Arensman (2010). Factors associated with deliberate selfharm among Irish adolescents. Psychological Medicine, 40 (11), pp 1811-1819. doi:10.1017/S0033291709992145 en
dc.identifier.volume 40 en
dc.identifier.issued 11 en
dc.identifier.startpage 1811 en
dc.identifier.endpage 1819 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/924
dc.identifier.doi 10.1017/S0033291709992145
dc.description.abstract Background. Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is a major public health problem, with young people most at risk. Lifetime prevalence of DSH in Irish adolescents is between 8% and 12%, and it is three times more prevalent among girls than boys. The aim of the study was to identify the psychological, lifestyle and life event factors associated with self-harm in Irish adolescents. Method. A cross-sectional study was conducted, with 3,881 adolescents in 39 schools completing an anonymous questionnaire as part of the Child and Adolescent Self-harm in Europe (CASE) study. There was an equal gender balance and 53.1% of students were 16 years old. Information was obtained on history of self-harm life events, and demographic, psychological and lifestyle factors. Results. Based on multi-variate analyses, important factors associated with DSH among both genders were drug use and knowing a friend who had engaged in self-harm. Among girls, poor self-esteem, forced sexual activity, self-harm of a family member, fights with parents and problems with friendships also remained in the final model. For boys, experiencing bullying, problems with schoolwork, impulsivity, and anxiety remained. Conclusions. Distinct profiles of boys and girls who engage in self-harm were identified. Associations between DSH and some lifestyle and life event factors suggest that mental health factors are not the sole indicators of risk of self-harm. The importance of school-related risk factors underline the need to develop gender-specific initiatives in schools to reduce the prevalence of self-harm. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Cambridge University Press en
dc.relation.uri http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0033291709992145
dc.rights Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2010 en
dc.subject Deliberate self-harm (DSH) en
dc.subject Adolescence en
dc.subject Child and Adolescent Self-harm in Europe (CASE) Study en
dc.subject Ireland en
dc.subject Gender differences en
dc.subject School-based study en
dc.subject.lcsh Self-harm, Deliberate en
dc.subject.lcsh Adolescent psychology en
dc.title Factors associated with deliberate self-harm among Irish adolescents en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Elaine McMahon, Epidemiology and Public Health: NSRF, University Collge Cork, Ireland. Email: e.mcmahon@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 4734404 en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Psychological Medicine en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked As per the transfer of copyright agreement the author has ‘The right to reproduce the paper or an adapted version of it in any volume of which they are editor or author. Permission will automatically be given to the publisher of such a volume, subject to normal acknowledgement.’ (Cambridge University Press) en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress e.mcmahon@ucc.ie en

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