A trip upstream to mitigate marine plastic pollution - a perspective focused on the MSFD and WFD
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Black, Jeffrey E.
Developing and implementing effective legislation to combat plastic litter in the marine environment has proven a significant challenge. This is in large part due to an incomplete understanding of the sources and transport pathways of plastic litter and is manifested in Europe’s current disjointed legislation that governs the aquatic environment. In this article, the authors present the perspective that marine plastic pollution in European waters cannot be mitigated without increased regional integration between the dominant legislative structures and must provide specific considerations for the role rivers and land-based activities play in the accumulation of plastic litter in the marine environment.
Marine litter , Marine plastic pollution , MSFD , WFD , Upstream , Stakeholder
Black, J. E., Kopke, K. and O’Mahony, C. (2019) 'A Trip Upstream to Mitigate Marine Plastic Pollution – A Perspective Focused on the MSFD and WFD', Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 689. (6pp.) doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00689
©2019 Black, Kopke and O’Mahony. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.