A trip upstream to mitigate marine plastic pollution - a perspective focused on the MSFD and WFD

No Thumbnail Available
fmars-06-00689.pdf(230.24 KB)
Published version
Black, Jeffrey E.
Kopke, Kathrin
O'Mahony, Cathal
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Frontiers Media
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
Developing and implementing effective legislation to combat plastic litter in the marine environment has proven a significant challenge. This is in large part due to an incomplete understanding of the sources and transport pathways of plastic litter and is manifested in Europe’s current disjointed legislation that governs the aquatic environment. In this article, the authors present the perspective that marine plastic pollution in European waters cannot be mitigated without increased regional integration between the dominant legislative structures and must provide specific considerations for the role rivers and land-based activities play in the accumulation of plastic litter in the marine environment.
Marine litter , Marine plastic pollution , MSFD , WFD , Upstream , Stakeholder
Black, J. E., Kopke, K. and O’Mahony, C. (2019) 'A Trip Upstream to Mitigate Marine Plastic Pollution – A Perspective Focused on the MSFD and WFD', Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 689. (6pp.) doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00689