Continuous-wave magneto-optical determination of the carrier lifetime in coherent Ge1-xSnx/Ge heterostructures

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Vitiello, Elisa
Rossi, Simone
Broderick, Christopher A.
Gravina, Giorgio
Balocchi, Andrea
Marie, Xavier
O'Reilly, Eoin P.
Myronov, Maksym
Pezzoli, Fabio
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We present a magneto-optical study of the carrier dynamics in compressively strained Ge1-xSnx films with Sn content up to 10% epitaxially grown on Ge on Si(001) virtual substrates. We leverage the Hanle effect under steady-state excitation to study the spin-dependent optical transitions in the presence of an external magnetic field. This allows us to obtain direct access to the dynamics of the optically induced carrier population. Our approach reveals that at cryogenic temperatures the effective lifetime of the photo-generated carriers in coherent Ge1-xSnx is on the subnanosecond timescale. Supported by a model estimate of the radiative lifetime, our measurements indicate that carrier recombination is dominated by nonradiative processes. Our results thus provide central information to improve the fundamental understanding of carrier kinetics in this advanced direct-band-gap group-IV-material system. Such knowledge can be a stepping stone in the quest for the implementation of Ge1-xSnx-based functional devices.
Recent progress , Lasers , Photodetectors , GeSn
Vitiello, E., Rossi, S., Broderick, C. A., Gravina, G., Balocchi, A., Marie, X., O'Reilly, E. P., Myronov, M. and Pezzoli, F. (2020) 'Continuous-wave magneto-optical determination of the carrier lifetime in coherent Ge1-xSnx/Ge heterostructures', Physical Review Applied, 14, 064068 (9pp). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevApplied.14.064068
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