Principles and prejudice: The erosion of fairness in admissibility determinations relating to historic child sexual abuse trials in Ireland

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dc.contributor.advisor Fennell, Caroline en Ring, Sinead Mary 2013-05-22T08:51:06Z 2013 2013
dc.identifier.citation Ring, S.M. 2013. Principles and prejudice: The erosion of fairness in admissibility determinations relating to historic child sexual abuse trials in Ireland. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.description.abstract This thesis interrogates the construction of fairness to the accused in historic child sexual abuse trials in Ireland. The protection of fairness is a requirement of any trial that claims to adhere to the rule of law. Historic child sexual abuse trials, in which the charges relate to events that are alleged to have taken place decades previously, present serious challenges to the ability of the trial process to safeguard fairness. They are a litmus test of the courts’ commitment to fairness. The thesis finds that in historic abuse trials fairness to the accused has been significantly eroded and that therefore the Irish Courts have failed to respect the core of the rule of law in these most serious of prosecutions. The thesis scrutinises two bodies of case law, both of which deal with the issue of whether evidence should reach the jury. First, it examines the decisions on applications brought by defendants seeking to prohibit their trial. The courts hearing prohibition applications face a dilemma: how to ensure the defendant is not put at risk of an unfair trial, while at the same time recognising that delay in reporting is a defining feature of these cases. The thesis traces the development of the prohibition case law and tracks the shifting interpretations given to fairness by the courts. Second, the thesis examines what fairness means in the superior courts’ decisions regarding the admissibility of the following kinds of evidence, each of which presents particular challenges to the ability of the trial to safeguard fairness: evidence of multiple complainants; evidence of recovered memories and evidence of complainants’ therapeutic records. The thesis finds that in both bodies of case law the Irish courts have hollowed out the meaning of fairness. It makes proposals on how fairness might be placed at the heart of courts’ decisions on admissibility in historic abuse trials. The thesis concludes that the erosion of fairness in historic abuse trials is indicative of a move away from the liberal model of criminal justice. It cautions that unless fairness is prioritised in historic child sexual abuse trials the legitimacy of these trials and that of all Irish criminal trials will be contestable. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2013, Sinead Ring. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject Historic child sexual abuse en
dc.subject Delayed prosecutions for child sexual abuse en
dc.subject Delay en
dc.subject Criminal law en
dc.subject Evidence en
dc.subject Law of evidence en
dc.subject Ronald Dworkin en
dc.subject Prohibition en
dc.subject Constitutional law en
dc.subject Recovered memory en
dc.subject Therapeutic records en
dc.subject.lcsh Criminal law--Ireland en
dc.subject.lcsh Child sexual abuse--Ireland en
dc.subject.lcsh Constitutional law--Ireland en
dc.title Principles and prejudice: The erosion of fairness in admissibility determinations relating to historic child sexual abuse trials in Ireland en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Law) en
dc.internal.availability Full text not available en Indefinite en 10000-01-01
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.contributor.funder Irish Research Council for Humanities and Social Sciences en
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en Law en
dc.check.reason This thesis is due for publication or the author is actively seeking to publish this material en
dc.check.opt-out Yes en
dc.thesis.opt-out true *
dc.check.entireThesis Entire Thesis Restricted
dc.check.embargoformat Hard bound copy in Library only en

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© 2013, Sinead Ring. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2013, Sinead Ring.
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