An assessment of health in post-medieval Ireland: ‘One vast Lazar house filled with famine, disease and death’

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dc.contributor.advisor Ó Donnabháin, Barra en Lynch, Linda G. 2014-02-26T15:41:40Z 2014 2014
dc.identifier.citation Lynch, L. G. 2014. An assessment of health in post-medieval Ireland: ‘One vast Lazar house filled with famine, disease and death’. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.description.abstract Three indicators of health and diet were selected to examine the health status in three socioeconomic groups in post-medieval Ireland. The aim was to examine the reliability of traditional skeletal markers of health in highly contextualised populations. The link between socio-economic status and health was examined to determine if traditional linking of poor health with poverty was evident in skeletal samples. The analysis indicated that this was indeed the case and that health was significantly compromised in populations of low socio-economic status. Thus it indicated that status intimately influences the physical body form. Sex was also found to be a major defining factor in the response of an individual to physiological stress. It was also evident that contemporary populations may suffer from different physiological stresses, and their responses to those stresses may differ. Adaptation was a key factor here. This has implications for studies of earlier populations that may lack detailed contextual data in terms of blanket applications of interpretations. The results also show a decline in health from the medieval through to the post-medieval period, which is intimately linked with the immense social changes and all the related effects of these. The socio-economic structure of post-medieval Ireland was a direct result of the British policies in Ireland. The physical form of the Irish may be seen to have occurred as a result of those policies, with the Irish poor in particular suffering substantial health problems, even in contrast to the poor of Britain. This study has enriched the recorded historical narrative of this period of the recent past, and highlights more nuanced narratives may emerge from the osteoarchaeological analysis when sound contextual information is available. It also examines a period in Irish history that, until very recently, had been virtually untouched in terms of archaeological study. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2014, Linda G. Lynch en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject Archaeology en
dc.subject Osteoarchaeology en
dc.subject Human bones en
dc.subject Historic Ireland en
dc.subject Workhouses en
dc.subject Great famine en
dc.subject.lcsh Human remains (Archaeology)--Ireland en
dc.subject.lcsh Famines--Ireland--History--19th century en
dc.subject.lcsh Excavations (Archaeology)--Ireland en
dc.subject.lcsh Workhouses--Ireland--History--19th century en
dc.title An assessment of health in post-medieval Ireland: ‘One vast Lazar house filled with famine, disease and death’ en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Arts) en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en Archaeology en
dc.check.reason This thesis is due for publication or the author is actively seeking to publish this material en
dc.check.opt-out Not applicable en
dc.thesis.opt-out false
dc.check.entireThesis Entire Thesis Restricted
dc.check.embargoformat Both hard copy thesis and e-thesis en
dc.internal.conferring Spring Conferring 2014 en

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© 2014, Linda G. Lynch Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2014, Linda G. Lynch
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