Electrochemical synthesis of reduced graphene oxide/gold nanoparticles in a single step for carbaryl detection in water

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Albalawi, Ibtihaj
Alatawi, Hanan
Alsefri, Samia
Moore, Eric
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In this study, an in situ synthesis approach based on electrochemical reduction and ion exchange was employed to detect carbaryl species using a disposable, screen-printed carbon electrode fabricated with nanocomposite materials. Reduced graphene oxide (rGO) was used to create a larger electrode surface and more active sites. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs,) were incorporated to accelerate electron transfer and enhance sensitivity. A cation exchange Nafion polymer was used to enable the adhesion of rGO and AuNPs to the electrode surface and speed up ion exchange. Cyclic voltammetry (CV), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were performed to study the electrochemical and physical properties of the modified sensor. In the presence of differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), an rGO/AuNP/Nafion-modified electrode was effectively used to measure the carbaryl concentration in river and tap water samples. The developed sensor exhibited superior electrochemical performance in terms of reproducibility, stability, efficiency and selectivity for carbaryl detection with a detection limit of 0.2 mu M and a concentration range between 0.5 mu M and 250 mu M. The proposed approach was compared to capillary electrophoresis with ultraviolet detection (CE-UV).
Printed carbon electrodes , Voltammetric detection , Carbamate pesticides , Gold nanoparticles , Carbofuran , Sensor , Regioselectivity , Nanocomposite , Paste , Triton X-100
Albalawi, I., Alatawi, H., Alsefri, S. and Moore, E. (2022) ‘Electrochemical synthesis of reduced graphene oxide/gold nanoparticles in a single step for carbaryl detection in water’, Sensors, 22(14), 5251 (18pp). doi: 10.3390/s22145251