A study of the regulation of Trib family members expression in normal and malignant haematopoiesis

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Date
2014
Authors
Hannon, Maura
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University College Cork
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Abstract
The Tribbles family of genes consist of three members; TRIB1, TRIB2 and TRIB3. Trib1 and Trib2 have been identified as oncogenes that can induce AML in mice. However little is known about how the expressions of the Tribbles family genes are controlled in the cell during haematopoiesis or leukaemogenesis. To investigate the Tribbles genes in leukaemia a bioinformatics approach was used. TRIB2 expression was found to be elevated in T-ALL and ALL with t(1;19). TRIB1 was found not to be significantly elevated in any leukaemic subtypes. Analyses of the TRIB1 and TRIB2 gene signatures in both leukaemic and normal haematopoietic cells identified pathways and transcription factors associated with these signatures. Pathways enriched for the TRIB1 signature included TLR signalling pathways and NF-κB pathways. Transcription factors enriched for this signature include C/EBP and SRF. Enriched for the TRIB2 signature includes T cell signalling pathways and Notch signalling pathways. Transcription factors enriched for this signature include E2F and ETS. Further investigation in vitro confirmed the finding that E2F1 was as a potential regulator of TRIB2 expression. E2F1 is able to directly bind to the TRIB2 promoter region and induce TRIB2 expression. C/EBPα p42 was found to inhibit E2F1 and the p30 isoform was found to cooperate with E2F1 induced activation of the TRIB2 promoter. Indicating the potential presence of a regulatory loop involved in the regulation of the TRIB2 gene. In conclusion we have investigated the Tribbles gene signatures in both normal haematopoietic and leukaemic cells. This has led to the identification of a number of pathways and transcription factors associated with these genes. We have also identified a family of transcription factors directly responsible for the regulation of TRIB2 expression. This regulatory pathway has the potential to be targeted in the treatment of leukaemia with a high TRIB2 signature.
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Tribbles , TRIB1 , TRIB2 , TRIB3 , Haematopoiesis , Leukaemia
Citation
Hannon, M. 2014. A study of the regulation of Trib family members expression in normal and malignant haematopoiesis. PhD Thesis, University College Cork.