The contribution of warlordism to the disintegration of the western Roman army (c. AD 395-480)

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dc.contributor.advisor Woods, David en Wijnendaele, Jeroen Willy Petrus 2015-09-29T09:00:36Z 2014 2014
dc.identifier.citation Wijnendaele, J. W. P. 2014. The contribution of warlordism to the disintegration of the western Roman army (c. AD 395-480). PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.description.abstract My thesis investigates the dynamics behind the changing nature of the leadership of the western Roman army in the fifth century through the concept of ‘warlordism’. I carried this out by analyzing those cases of insubordination and military unrest in the officer class of the western Roman army, which can be shown to be linked to the slow decline of central authority and the imperial office in the period 395-480. My thesis demonstrates that theories of ‘Warlordism’, as developed in social sciences, can be useful for both the late Imperial west as for other eras of ancient history, such as the late Roman republic. Warlordism was a way of continuing politics, if necessary by military means, when commanders found themselves outside the legitimate framework. Unlike the case of usurpation of the imperial office, when there was little hope of achieving permanent recognition and acceptance, it offered insubordinate officers a chance of returning to the ruling imperial regime depending on circumstances and the success of their resistance. I propose that warlordism functioned as an alternative to usurpation, a tool for military dissidence, fuelled by an economy of violence. Contrary to modern warlordism, the warlordism of the fifth century AD represented a transient phase which no imperial commander was willing to prolong indefinitely. At some stage, given the means, warlords in the western Roman army wanted to become part of the imperial echelon again. Yet these alternative methods of violent opposition, and the acquisition of force through private means, ensured the breakdown of the state’s monopoly on violence and the disintegration of centralized armies. What started as an accidental revolution became a new form of military rule. en
dc.description.sponsorship University College Cork (Texts, Contexts & Cultures program) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2014, Jeroen W. P. Wijnendaele en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject Warlordism en
dc.subject Roman army en
dc.subject Late Roman empire en
dc.title The contribution of warlordism to the disintegration of the western Roman army (c. AD 395-480) en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral Degree (Structured) en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Texts, Contexts and Cultures) en
dc.internal.availability Full text not available en Indefinite en 10000-01-01
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.contributor.funder University College Cork en
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en Classics en
dc.check.reason This thesis is due for publication or the author is actively seeking to publish this material en
dc.check.opt-out Yes en
dc.thesis.opt-out true
dc.check.entireThesis Entire Thesis Restricted
dc.check.embargoformat Both hard copy thesis and e-thesis en
dc.internal.conferring Spring Conferring 2015

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© 2014, Jeroen W. P. Wijnendaele Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2014, Jeroen W. P. Wijnendaele
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