Indefinite. Restriction lift date: 10000-01-01
Chemistry and synthesis of 3(2H)-furanones and 4,5-dihydro analogues: mechanistic investigations and stereochemical control
University College Cork
The subject matter of this thesis relates to the chemistry of the five-membered oxygen heterocycles – 3(2H)-furanones and their 4, 5-dihydro analogues. Chapter one of the thesis is a review of the relevant chemistry of the compounds: their synthesis and key transformations. In chapter two, new research on 3(2H)-furanones is outlined in two parts. The first describes an investigation into the cyclisation of α'-trialkylsilyloxyenone adducts with arenesulfenyl and selenenyl chlorides into the corresponding sulfur and selenium substituted 3(2H)-furanones without the involvement of a Lewis acid catalyst. The study, largely involving in situ NMR techniques, identified key features associated with the formation and reaction of the chlorosulfide and chloroselenide intermediates, including operation of the Thorpe-Ingold effect. The knowledge gained in this study was applied (the second part) to the synthesis of vinyl substituted furanone systems from α'-trialkylsilyloxydienones where choice of the reaction conditions and electrophilic reagent was a key feature. An important difference in the behaviour of arenesulfenyl and selenenyl halides towards conjugated dienes emerged from this work. This phase of the research concluded with a new synthesis of geiparvarin, a natural product possessing anti-tumour properties.
Carr, D. 2015. Chemistry and synthesis of 3(2H)-furanones and 4,5-dihydro analogues: mechanistic investigations and stereochemical control. PhD Thesis, University College Cork.