The development of novel chiral tethers for controlling intramolecular aryl-aryl coupling and their application in the synthesis of gomisin M1 and analogues

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Date
2016
Authors
Reen, Michael
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University College Cork
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Research Projects
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Abstract
The primary focus of this thesis was the development of a novel chiral tether that could be used to control axial chirality around a newly formed aryl-aryl bond, and the extension of this methodology to the model synthesis of gomisin M1. In chapter 1, a review detailing the use of chiral tethers in the synthesis of atropisomers is discussed. The use of a variety of chiral molecules including 1,2-diols, 1,3-diols and other diol-based tethers, as well as amine-based and miscellaneous tethers are detailed. In chapter 2, the rationale behind the design of our novel molecular tethers, along with the subsequent synthesis of three chiral 1,3-diol-based tethers, is outlined. The method by which the enantiopurity of these diols was determined is also reviewed. This chapter also includes the attempted Mitsunobu and intramolecular couplings in the model synthesis of BINOL. Chapter 3 discusses the synthesis of suitable aryl halide substrates, and their employment in the attempted tether-controlled asymmetric model synthesis of gomisin M1. A comprehensive investigation into the attempted intramolecular biaryl coupling of these tethered substrates is also included. The non-stereoselective model synthesis of gomisin M1 is outlined in chapter 4. The installation of the desired biaryl linkage and the subsequent attempted intramolecular McMurry couplings are discussed. The impact of different protecting groups in the molecule on the intramolecular McMurry reaction is also outlined. Chapter 5 details the full experimental procedures, including spectroscopic and analytical data for the compounds prepared during this research.
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Keywords
Gomisin , Axial chirality , Molecular tethers
Citation
Reen, M. 2016. The development of novel chiral tethers for controlling intramolecular aryl-aryl coupling and their application in the synthesis of gomisin M1 and analogues. PhD Thesis, University College Cork.