Electropermanent magnetic anchoring for surgery and endoscopy

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Date
2014-10-29
Authors
Tugwell, Josef
Brennan, Philip
O'Shea, Conor
O'Donoghue, Kilian
Power, Timothy
O'Shea, Michael
Griffiths, James
Cahill, Ronan A.
Cantillon-Murphy, Pádraig
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IEEE
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Abstract
The use of magnets for anchoring of instrumentation in minimally invasive surgery and endoscopy has become of increased interest in recent years. Permanent magnets have significant advantages over electromagnets for these applications; larger anchoring and retraction force for comparable size and volume without the need for any external power supply. However, permanent magnets represent a potential hazard in the operating field where inadvertent attraction to surgical instrumentation is often undesirable. The current work proposes an interesting hybrid approach which marries the high forces of permanent magnets with the control of electromagnetic technology including the ability to turn the magnet OFF when necessary. This is achieved through the use of an electropermanent magnet, which is designed for surgical retraction across the abdominal and gastric walls. Our electropermanent magnet, which is hand-held and does not require continuous power, is designed with a center lumen which may be used for trocar or needle insertion. The device in this application has been demonstrated successfully in the porcine model where coupling between an intraluminal ring magnet and our electropermanent magnet facilitated guided insertion of an 18 Fr Tuohy needle for guidewire placement. Subsequent investigations have demonstrated the ability to control the coupling distance of the system alleviating shortcomings with current methods of magnetic coupling due to variation in transabdominal wall thicknesses. With further refinement, the magnet may find application in the anchoring of endoscopic and surgical instrumentation for minimally invasive interventions in the gastrointestinal tract.
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Keywords
Electromagnets , Electropermanent magnets (EPMs) , Endoscopy , Magnetic coupling , Magnets , Minimally invasive surgery
Citation
Tugwell, J., Brennan, P., O’Shea, C., O’Donoghue, K., Power, T., O’Shea, M., Griffiths, J., Cahill, R. A. and Cantillon, P. (2105) ‘Electropermanent magnetic anchoring for surgery and endoscopy’, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 62(3), pp. 842-848. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2014.2366032
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