Muscle strength and functional ability in recreational female golfers and less active non-golfers over the age of 80 Years

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dc.contributor.author Stockdale, Alison
dc.contributor.author Webb, Nicholas
dc.contributor.author Wootton, Jessica
dc.contributor.author Drennan, Jonathan
dc.contributor.author Brown, Simon
dc.contributor.author Stokes, Maria
dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-11T15:18:09Z
dc.date.available 2017-04-11T15:18:09Z
dc.date.issued 2017-03-04
dc.identifier.citation Stockdale, A., Webb, N., Wootton, J., Drennan, J., Brown, S. and Stokes, M. (2017) 'Muscle Strength and Functional Ability in Recreational Female Golfers and Less Active Non-Golfers over the Age of 80 Years', Geriatrics, 2(1), 12. doi:10.3390/geriatrics2010012 en
dc.identifier.volume 2 en
dc.identifier.issued 1 en
dc.identifier.startpage 12-1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 12-8 en
dc.identifier.issn 2308-3417
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/3875
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/geriatrics2010012
dc.description.abstract Muscle strength and functional ability decline with age. Physical activity can slow the decline but whether recreational golf is associated with slower decline is unknown. This cross-sectional, observational study aimed to examine the feasibility of testing muscle strength and functional ability in older female golfers and non-golfers in community settings. Thirty-one females over aged 80, living independently (golfers n = 21, mean age 83, standard deviation (±) 2.1 years); non-golfers, n = 10 (80.8 ± 1.03 years) were studied. Maximal isometric contractions of handgrip and quadriceps were tested on the dominant side. Functional ability was assessed using the Timed Up and Go (TUG) and health-related quality of life using the Short Form-36 questionnaire. Grip strength, normalised to body mass, was greater in golfers (0.33 ± 0.06 kgF/kg) than non-golfers (0.29 ± 0.06), however, the difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.051). Quadriceps strength did not differ (golfers 2.78 ± 0.74 N/kg; non-golfers 2.69 ± 0.83; p = 0.774). TUG times were significantly faster (p = 0.027) in golfers (10.4 ± 1.9 s) than non-golfers (12.6 ± 3.21 s; within sarcopenic category). Quality of life was significantly higher in golfers for the physical categories (Physical Function p < 0.001; Physical p = 0.033; Bodily pain p = 0.028; Vitality p = 0.047) but psychosocial categories did not differ. These findings indicated that the assessment techniques were feasible in both groups and sensitive enough to detect some differences between groups. The indication that golf was associated with better physical function than non-golfers in females over 80 needs to be examined by prospective randomised controlled trials to determine whether golf can help to achieve the recommended guidelines for strengthening exercise to protect against sarcopenia. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher MDPI en
dc.rights © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Older females en
dc.subject Physical activity en
dc.subject Golf en
dc.subject Muscle strength en
dc.subject Sarcopenia en
dc.title Muscle strength and functional ability in recreational female golfers and less active non-golfers over the age of 80 Years en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Jonathan Drennan, Nursing & Midwifery, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: jonathan.drennan@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2017-04-11T15:11:36Z
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.internal.rssid 390799353
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Geriatrics en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No !!CORA!! en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress jonathan.drennan@ucc.ie en


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© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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