Samurai project: Verifying the consistency of black-hole-binary waveforms for gravitational-wave detection

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Hannam, Mark
Husa, Sascha
Baker, John G.
Boyle, Michael
Bruegmann, Bernd
Chu, Tony
Dorband, Nils
Herrmann, Frank
Hinder, Ian
Kelly, Bernard J.
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American Physical Society
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We quantify the consistency of numerical-relativity black-hole-binary waveforms for use in gravitational-wave (GW) searches with current and planned ground-based detectors. We compare previously published results for the (center dot=2,vertical bar m vertical bar=2) mode of the gravitational waves from an equal-mass nonspinning binary, calculated by five numerical codes. We focus on the 1000M (about six orbits, or 12 GW cycles) before the peak of the GW amplitude and the subsequent ringdown. We find that the phase and amplitude agree within each code's uncertainty estimates. The mismatch between the (center dot=2,vertical bar m vertical bar=2) modes is better than 10(-3) for binary masses above 60M with respect to the Enhanced LIGO detector noise curve, and for masses above 180M with respect to Advanced LIGO, Virgo, and Advanced Virgo. Between the waveforms with the best agreement, the mismatch is below 2x10(-4). We find that the waveforms would be indistinguishable in all ground-based detectors (and for the masses we consider) if detected with a signal-to-noise ratio of less than approximate to 14, or less than approximate to 25 in the best cases.
Boundary value-problem , Numerical relativity , Initial data , General-relativity , Einstein equations , Compact binaries , Modeling kicks , Spin , Evolution , Radiation
Hannam, M., Husa, S., Baker, J. G., Boyle, M., Brügmann, B., Chu, T., Dorband, N., Herrmann, F., Hinder, I., Kelly, B. J., Kidder, L. E., Laguna, P., Matthews, K. D., van Meter, J. R., Pfeiffer, H. P., Pollney, D., Reisswig, C., Scheel, M. A. and Shoemaker, D. (2009) 'Samurai project: Verifying the consistency of black-hole-binary waveforms for gravitational-wave detection', Physical Review D, 79(8), 084025 (17pp). doi: 10.1103/PhysRevD.79.084025
© 2009, American Physical Society