Protection of cerebral microcirculation, mitochondrial function and electrocortical activity by small-volume resuscitation with terlipressin in a model of haemorrhagic shock

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Ida, K. K.
Chisholm, Kim I.
Malbouisson, L. M. S.
Papkovsky, Dmitri B.
Dyson, Alex
Singer, M.
Duchen, Michael R.
Smith, K. J.
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Background: During early treatment of haemorrhagic shock, cerebral perfusion pressure can be restored by small-volume resuscitation with vasopressors. Whether this therapy is improved with additional fluid remains unknown. We assessed the value of terlipressin and lactated Ringer's solution (LR) on the early recovery of the microcirculation, tissue oxygenation, and mitochondrial and electrophysiological function in the rat cerebral cortex. Methods: Animals treated with LR replacing three times (3LR) the volume bled (n=26), terlipressin (n=27), terlipressin plus 1LR (n=26), 2LR (n=16), or 3LR (n=15) were compared with untreated (n=36) and sham-operated rats (n=17) rats. In vivo confocal microscopy was used to assess cortical capillary perfusion, changes in tissue oxygen concentration, and mitochondrial membrane potential and redox state. Electrophysiological function was assessed by cortical somatosensory evoked potentials, spinal cord dorsum potential, and peripheral electromyography. Results: Compared with sham, haemorrhagic shock reduced the mean (standard deviation) area of perfused vessels [82% (sd 10%) vs 38% (12%); P<0.001] and impaired oxygen concentration, mitochondrial redox state [99% (4%) vs 59% (15%) of baseline; P<0.001], and somatosensory evoked potentials [97% (13%) vs 27% (19%) of baseline]. Administration of terlipressin plus 1LR or 2LR was able to recover these measures, but terlipressin plus 3LR or 3LR alone were not as effective. Spinal cord dorsum potential was preserved in all groups, but no therapy protected electromyographic function. Conclusions: Resuscitation from haemorrhagic shock using terlipressin with small-volume LR was superior to high-volume LR, with regard to cerebral microcirculation, and mitochondrial and electrophysiological function.
Brain ischaemia , Confocal microscopy , Electrophysiology
Ida, K. K., Chisholm, K. I., Malbouisson, L. M. S., Papkovsky, D. B., Dyson, A., Singer, M., Duchen, M. R. and Smith, K. J. 'Protection of cerebral microcirculation, mitochondrial function, and electrocortical activity by small-volume resuscitation with terlipressin in a model of haemorrhagic shock', British Journal of Anaesthesia. 120(6), pp. 1245–1254. doi: 10.1016/j.bja.2017.11.074