Not so shore anymore: the new imperatives when sourcing in the age of open

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Agerfalk, Par J.
Fitzgerald, Brian
Stol, Klaas-Jan
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Association for Information Systems (AIS)
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Software outsourcing has been the subject of much research in the past 25 years, largely because of potential cost savings envisaged through lower labour costs, ‘follow-the-sun’ development, access to skilled developers, and proximity to new markets. In recent years, the success of the open source phe-nomenon has inspired a number of new forms of sourcing that combine the potential of global sourcing with the elusive and much sought-after possibility of increased innovation. Three of these new forms of sourcing are opensourcing, innersourcing and crowdsourcing. Based on a comparative analysis of a number of case studies of these forms of sourcing, we illustrate how they differ in both significant and subtle ways from outsourcing. We conclude that these emerging sourcing approaches call for conceptual development and refocusing. Specifically, to understand software sourcing in the age of open, the important concept is no longer ‘shoring,’ but rather five identified imperatives (governance sharedness, unknownness, intrinsicness, innovativeness and co-opetitiveness) and their implications for the development situation at hand.
Outsourcing , Open innovation , Open source , Opensourcing , Inner source , Innersourcing , Crowdsourcing
Ågerfalk, P. J., Fitzgerald, B. and Stol, K. J, (2018) 'Not so Shore Anymore: The New Imperatives When Sourcing in the Age of Open', Twenty-Third European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS), Münster, Germany, 26-29 May, ECIS Proceedings 2015 Completed Research Papers. Paper 2. doi:10.18151/7217258
© 2015, the authors. This material is brought to you by the European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS) at AIS Electronic Library (AISeL). It has been accepted for inclusion in ECIS 2011 Proceedings by an authorized administrator of AIS Electronic Library (AISeL).