Formal quantum efficiencies for the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 in a gas phase batch reactor

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Cortes, Maria Ana L. R. M.
Hamilton, J. W. J.
Sharma, P. K.
Brown, A.
Nolan, Michael
Gray, K. A.
Byrne, J. Anthony
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Elsevier B.V.
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The photocatalytic reduction of CO2 to fuels, or useful products, is an area of active research. In this work, nanoengineering and surface modification of titania were investigated as approaches for improving the CO2 reduction efficiency in a fixed-bed gas phase batch photoreactor under UV–vis irradiation. Titania nanotubes were prepared by a hydrothermal method, and TiO2 (P25) was surface modified with copper clusters. Unmodified TiO2 (P25) was used as the bench-mark comparison. The titania nanotubes and Cu-TiO2 materials showed higher efficiency for the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 to yield CH4 as compared to P25. Carbon monoxide yields were similar for all photocatalysts tested. The photocatalytic reduction of CO2 was observed on all photocatalyst tested, with the nanotubes proving to be the most efficient for the production of CH4. The product yields per mass of catalyst observed in this work are similar to those reported in the literature (with similar reactor parameters) but the calculated formal quantum efficiencies for CO2 reduction are very low (4.41 × 10−5 to 5.95 × 10-4).
CO2 photoreduction , Titanium dioxide , Mechanism , Quantum efficiency
Cortes, M. A. L. R. M., Hamilton, J. W. J., Sharma, P. K., Brown, A., Nolan, M., Gray, K. A. and Byrne, J. A. (2018) 'Formal quantum efficiencies for the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 in a gas phase batch reactor', Catalysis Today. doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2018.10.047