Energy dissipation below gamma-ray bursts photosphere: evidence and spectral fits

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Pe'er, Asaf
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World Scientific
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It is now established that a thermal emission component plays a major role in shaping the prompt spectra of a non-negligible fraction of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). By studying the properties of this component in a sample of 47 GRBs, we deduce that the Lorentz factor is 102 ≲ Γ ≲ 103, with mean value 〈Γ〉 ≃ 370. The acceleration radius r0 span a wide range, 106.5 ≲ r0 ≲ 109.5 cm, with mean value 〈r0〉 ≃ 108 cm. This is higher than the gravitational radius of 10 M⊙ black hole by a factor of ≈ 30. We argue that this result provides an indirect evidence for jet propagation inside a massive star, and suggests the existence of recollimation shocks that take place at this radius. We further show that sub-photospheric dissipation of the jet kinetic energy provides a self-consistent, fully physically motivated model that can fit a wide range of GRB spectra. The leading radiative process is Comptonization of the thermal component, and synchrotron emission is sub-dominant. We create a DREAM (Dissipation with Radiative Emission as a Table Model) table model for XSPEC, and show how this model can describe different types of GRB spectra.
Gamma-rays , Bursts , Hydrodynamics , Radiation mechanism , Non-thermal , Thermal
Pe'er, A. (2015) 'Energy dissipation below gamma-ray bursts photosphere: evidence and spectral fits', Proceedings of the Fourteenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting on General Relativity, Rome, Italy, 12-18 July, pp. 2943-2949. Available at: (Accessed 25 January 2019)