The behaviour of lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus) in captivity

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dc.contributor.advisor Ramsay, Ruth en
dc.contributor.advisor Quirke, Thomas en
dc.contributor.author Newman, Rebecca
dc.date.accessioned 2020-04-27T12:02:16Z
dc.date.available 2020-04-27T12:02:16Z
dc.date.issued 2019-12
dc.date.submitted 2020-01-24
dc.identifier.endpage 214 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/9866
dc.description.abstract The European Endangered Species Programme (EEP) established for the lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) has aimed to sustain a viable captive population but has faced a number of difficulties. This research provides insight into how the captive environment affects the behaviour of lion-tailed macaques and makes recommendations on how zoos can improve their care and management of these macaques. A comparative study undertaken on lion-tailed macaque groups across four European zoos revealed that group size and enclosure complexity had the greatest impact on behaviour. The importance of both the physical and social environment were then examined in the lion-tailed macaque group at Fota Wildlife Park. Relocating the macaque group to a new, larger enclosure increased behavioural diversity, while further research found that visitor level and visitor noise did not negatively impact this group of macaques, with enclosure design potentially a key factor. Examining four undergraduate studies undertaken on the lion-tailed macaques in Fota Wildlife Park over a period of six years, revealed how alterations to the size and composition of a captive group can have significant effects on behaviour. The introduction of three new males into the lion-tailed macaque group at Fota emphasized the importance of slow and careful methods when introducing unfamiliar individuals. The introduction of another male to a singly-housed male macaque highlighted the benefits of pair- housing, even in a species where males typically do not tolerate one another. Four simple and cheap water-based enrichments were also assessed for a pair-housed male and female lion-tailed macaque. Several recommendations are made on the husbandry and management of lion-tailed macaques in captivity. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.rights 2019, Rebecca Newman. en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ en
dc.subject Zoo en
dc.subject Captivity en
dc.subject Macaque en
dc.subject Environmental enrichment en
dc.subject Behaviour en
dc.title The behaviour of lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus) in captivity en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD - Doctor of Philosophy en
dc.internal.availability Full text not available en
dc.contributor.funder Irish Research Council en
dc.contributor.funder Fota Wildlife Park en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.internal.school Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences en
dc.internal.conferring Spring 2020 en
dc.relation.project Irish Research Council (Enterprise Partnership Scheme) en
dc.availability.bitstream embargoed
dc.check.date 2021-01-31


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2019, Rebecca Newman. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as 2019, Rebecca Newman.
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