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- ItemAI for better health: AIOTI WG Health white paper(AIOTI -Alliance for IoT and Edge Computing Innovation, 2022-12-12) Dionisio, Pietro; Nikolov, Roumen; Gyrard, Amelie; Petelova, Katerina; Eberle, Wolfgang; Sanjuan Vinas, Lucas; San Segundo, Ruben; Tedesco, Salvatore; Andonegui, Cristina Martín; O’Murchu, CianThis white paper introduces the AIOTI WG Health vision and contribution to the European discussions on AI strategies applied to the health domain. The main aim of this paper is to contribute to the identification and addressing of any issues that might be hindering the wider adoption of AI technologies in the healthcare sector based on AIOTI WG Health’s members’ best practices. In conclusion: In the post-covid-19 era, the healthcare domain represents a unique opportunity for favouring the AI wider adoption. In fact, the healthcare domain is suffering a huge pressure due to internal and external massive changes that are pushing a development and a transformation of its dynamics. In this transformation process, AI can play a major role for smoothing the human and economic resources’ allocation and improving healthcare treatments management. According to this white paper, we believe that AI has an important role to play in the healthcare offerings of the future. Despite this, relevant challenges that have to be addressed. We tried to provide some answers to this challenges highlighting which is the AIOTI WG Health vision according to its members’ point of view. As addressed several times throughout the document, the greatest challenge to AI in the healthcare domains is not whether the technology will be capable enough to be useful, but rather ensuring its adoption in daily clinical practice overcoming barriers such as mistrust and scepticism. For widespread adoption to take place, AI systems must be approved by regulators, integrated with healthcare systems practices, standardised to a sufficient degree that similar products work in a similar fashion, taught to clinicians, paid for by public or private payer organisations. These challenges will ultimately be overcome, but time is needed. In Europe a strong push is encouraged towards AI adoption in daily practices, as testified by the key experiences included in the paper (ref. par. 9) but stronger alignment among EU member states, as well as within each country among the various decision making and legislative institutions, could further facilitate the AI wider adoption. As a result, we expect to see an ever more increasing use of AI in health daily practice within the next future connected to an increasing mingling with other AI application area such as smart cities and green economy.
- ItemEnergy harvesting for a green internet of things: PSMA white paper(PSMA, 2021-09-30) Becker, T.; Borjesson, V.; Cetinkaya, O.; Baoxing, C.; Colomer-Farrarons, J.; Maeve, D.; Elefsiniotis, A.; Govoni, L.; Hadas, Z.; Hayes, M.; Holmes, A. S.; Kiziroglou, M. E.; La Rosa, R.; Miribel-Català, P.; Mueller, J.; Pandiyan, A.; Plasek, O.; Riehl, P.; Rohan, James F.; Sabaté, N.; Saez, M.; Samson, D.; Sebald, J.; Spies, P.; Vikerfors, A.; Yeatman, E.; Zaghari, B.; Zahnstecher, B.The ubiquitous nature of energy autonomous microsystems, which are easy to install and simple to connect to a network, make them attractive in the rapidly growing Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystem. The growing energy consumption of the IoT infrastructure is becoming more and more visible. Energy harvesting describes the conversion of ambient into electrical energy, enabling green power supplies of IoT key components, such as autonomous sensor nodes. Energy harvesting methods and devices have reached a credible state-of-art, but only a few devices are commercially available and off-the-shelf harvester solutions often require extensive adaption to the envisaged application. A synopsis of typical energy sources, state-of-the-art materials, and transducer technologies for efficient energy conversion, as well as energy storage devices and power management solutions, depicts a wide range of successful research results. Developing power supplies for actual usage reveals their strong dependence on application-specific installation requirements, power demands, and environmental conditions. The industrial challenges for a massive spread of autonomous sensor systems are manifold and diverse. Reliability issues, obsolescence management, and supply chains need to be analyzed for commercial use in critical applications. The current gap between use-case scenarios and innovative product development is analyzed from the perspective of the user. The white paper then identifies the key advantages of energy autonomy in environmental, reliability, sustainability, and financial terms. Energy harvesting could lead to a lower CO2 footprint of future IoT devices by adopting environmentally friendly materials and reducing cabling and battery usage. Further research and development are needed to achieve technology readiness levels acceptable for the industry. This white paper derives a future research and innovation strategy for industry-ready green microscale IoT devices, providing useful information to the stakeholders involved: scientists, engineers, innovators, the general public, and decision makers in industry as well as in public and venture-funding bodies. This inclusive strategy could bridge the energy harvesting technology frontier and the IoT node power demands to create value.
- ItemAI at the Edge, 2021 EPoSS White Paper(EPoSS: European Technology Platform on Smart Systems Integration, 2021-04) Bierzynski, Kay; Calvo Alonso, Daniel; Gandhi, Kaustubh; Lehment, Nicolas; Mayer, Dirk; Nackaerts, Axel; Neul, Reinhard; Peischl, Bernhard; Rix, Nigel; Röhm, Horst; Rzepka, Sven; Seifert, Inessa; Steimetz, Elisabeth; Stree, Bernard; Tedesco, Salvatore; Veledar, Omar; Wilsch, Benjamin
- ItemSmart textiles for healthcare and medicine applications (WG1): state-of-the art report, CONTEXT Project(CONTEXT Project, 2020-04) Boesel, Luciano F.; Furundžić, Dijana P; Furundžić, Nikola Z.; Gedanken, Aharon; Grabchev, Ivo; Haj Taieb, Amine; Ivanoska-Dacik, Aleksandra; Malionowski, Szymon; Marković, Darka; Mohr, Gerhard; Oguz Gouillart, Yesim; Pinho, Pedro Maja; Sezai Sarac, Abdulkadir; Staneva, Desislava; Tedesco, Salvatore; Vicente Ros, Jose; Horizon 2020; European Cooperation in Science and TechnologyThe aim of this document is to provide information on the state-of-the-art related to the topics covered by each working group within the CONTEXT project. It provides information on materials and technologies used to develop smart textiles with targeted performance, general applications of smart textiles in the field, case-studies on the use of smart textiles, opportunities for smart textiles considering the needs of each field, trends on the development of smart textiles in terms of market and technical expectations. This paper gives an overview of the potential of smart textiles for healthcare & medicine, ongoing developments, state-of-the-art products and future developments.
- ItemSmart textiles for sportswear and wearables (WG5): State-of-the art report. CONTEXT Project(Europe, 2020-04) Kazani, Ilda; Lutz, Volker; Malik, Sharali; Mazari, Adnan; Nierstrasz, Vincent; Rodrigues, Lúcia; Tedesco, Salvatore; Horizon 2020; European Cooperation in Science and TechnologyThe aim of this document is to provide information on the state-of- the-art related to the topics covered by each working group within the CONTEXT project. It provides information on materials and technologies used to develop smart textiles with targeted performance, general applications of smart textiles in the field, case-studies on the use of smart textiles, opportunities for smart textiles considering the needs of each field, trends on the development of smart textiles in terms of market and technical expectations.