Exploring porcine gastric and intestinal fluids using microscopic and solubility estimates: Impact of placebo self-emulsifying drug delivery system administration to inform bio-predictive in vitro tools
Jørgensen, Jacob R.
Koehl, Niklas J.
Henze, Laura J.
O'Shea, Joseph P.
Griffin, Brendan T.
Validation and characterisation of in vitro and pre-clinical animal models to support bio-enabling formulation development is of paramount importance. In this work, post-mortem gastric and small intestinal fluids were collected in the fasted, fed state and at five sample-points post administration of a placebo Self-Emulsifying Drug Delivery System (SEDDS) in the fasted state to pigs. Cryo-TEM and Negative Stain-TEM were used for ultrastructure characterisation. Ex vivo solubility of fenofibrate was determined in the fasted-state, fed-state and post-SEDDS administration. Highest observed ex vivo drug solubility in intestinal fluids after SEDDS administration was used for optimising the biorelevant in vitro conditions to determine maximum solubility. Under microscopic evaluation, fasted, fed and SEDDS fluids resulted in different colloidal structures. Drug solubility appeared highest 1 hour post SEDDS administration, corresponding with presence of SEDDS lipid droplets. A 1:200 dispersion of SEDDS in biorelevant media matched the highest observed ex vivo solubility upon SEDDS administration. Overall, impacts of this study include increasing evidence for the pig preclinical model to mimic drug solubility in humans, observations that SEDDS administration may poorly mimic colloidal structures observed under fed state, while microscopic and solubility porcine assessments provided a framework for increasingly bio-predictive in vitro tools.
Bio-enabling formulations , In vitro tools , Landrace pigs , Oral drug delivery
Bennett-Lenane, H., Jørgensen, J. R., Koehl, N. J., Henze, L. J., O'Shea, J. P., Müllertz, A. and Griffin, B. T. (2021) 'Exploring porcine gastric and intestinal fluids using microscopic and solubility estimates: Impact of placebo self-emulsifying drug delivery system administration to inform bio-predictive in vitro tools', European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 161, 105778 (11 pp). doi: 10.1016/j.ejps.2021.105778