A time series-based study of correlation, channel power imbalance, and diversity gain in indoor distributed antenna systems at 60 GHz

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Zhang, Lei
Cotton, Simon L.
Yoo, Seong Ki
Ngo, Hien Quoc
Fernández, Marta
Scanlon, William G.
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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
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In this article, we investigate the potential enhancements in signal reliability which can be achieved using a millimeter-wave distributed antenna system (DAS) within an indoor environment. To achieve this, we measured the signal power simultaneously received at nine ceiling-mounted access point (AP) locations likely to be used in future indoor DAS deployments while a mobile user imitated making a voice call on a hypothetical user equipment. Key metrics, associated with the performance of multiple antenna systems, such as the cross correlation coefficient (CCC) and channel power imbalance (CPI) are determined. It was found that line-of-sight (LOS) and quasi-LOS (QLOS) links with the APs typically led to higher CCC values than the non-LOS (NLOS) cases. Similarly, LOS and QLOS links typically produced higher CPI values between APs than the NLOS case. To enable the reproduction of our results, we have successfully applied autoregressive moving average and autoregressive integrated moving average modeling to the CCC and CPI time series. The performance improvement that can be achieved using a DAS instead of a single AP was evaluated using three commonly deployed diversity combining schemes, namely, selection combining, equal gain combining, and maximal ratio combining along with three AP selection mechanisms, namely, per-sample random AP selection, one-shot AP selection, and per-sample optimal AP selection. Finally, we have provided some useful insight into the influence of differing AP numbers on the diversity gain when considering the aforementioned AP selection methods.
Autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) modeling , Autoregressive moving average (ARMA) modeling , Channel measurement , Channel power imbalance (CPI) , Distributed antenna system (DAS) , Diversity gain , Millimeter wave , Time series analysis
Zhang, L., Cotton, S. L., Yoo, S. K., Ngo, H. Q., Fernández, M. and Scanlon, W. G. (2021) 'A time series-based study of correlation, channel power imbalance, and diversity gain in indoor distributed antenna systems at 60 GHz', IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 69(11), pp. 7782-7794. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2021.3076171
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