Swelling of ionic and non-ionic surfactant micelles by high pressure gases

Thumbnail Image
O'Callaghan, John M.
McNamara, Hugh
Copley, Mark P.
Hanrahan, John P.
Morris, Michael A.
Steytler, David C.
Heenan, Richard K.
Holmes, Justin D.
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Published Version
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Journal Issue
The influence of different solvent environments on the size, shape, and characteristics of surfactant micelles of Pluronic F127 and CTAB was investigated by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). SANS experiments were undertaken on dilute micellar surfactant solutions of F127 and CTAB that between them were exposed to liquid and supercritical carbon dioxide, liquid propane, ethane, and heptane under various pressures and temperatures. Swelling of the surfactant micelles could be directly related to the solubility of the solvents within the micelles, especially within their cores. Carbon dioxide produced the largest swelling of the Pluronic F127 micelles, compared to propane and ethane, which mirrors the solubility of the gases in the PPO core of the micelles. Conversely, the extent of swelling of the cores of CTAB micelles was greater with propane compared to carbon dioxide, which again relates to the solubility of the solvents in the alkane core of the CTAB micelles.
Micelles , Carbon dioxide , Ethane , Hydrocarbons , Ionization of liquids , Liquids , Neutron scattering , Nonionic surfactants , Propane , Solubility , Solvents , Supercritical fluid extraction , Swelling
O’Callaghan, J. M., McNamara, H., Copley, M. P., Hanrahan, J. P., Morris, M. A., Steytler, D. C., Heenan, R. K. and Holmes, J. D. (2010) 'Swelling of Ionic and Nonionic Surfactant Micelles by High Pressure Gases', Langmuir, 26(11), pp. 7725-7731. doi: 10.1021/la904464k
© 2010 American Chemical Society. This document is the unedited Author’s version of a Submitted Work that was subsequently accepted for publication in Langmuir, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review. To access the final edited and published work see http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/la904464k