Investigations into structure and chemistry of 1D, 2D and 3D structured vanadium oxide nanomaterials for Li-ion batteries

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Armstrong, Eileen
Osiak, Michal J.
Glynn, Colm
O'Dwyer, Colm
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Routes towards the formation of inverted opal vanadium oxide electrodes are presented. Different methods of template infiltration using an IPA diluted solution of vanadium triisopropoxide are discussed and the resulting morphologies investigated using scanning electron microscopy. The effect of different heat treatments and method of sphere removal on morphology and structure is also considered. Solvent template removal retains thehydrolysed amorphous V2O5 structure. Raman scattering spectroscopy identifies the degree of V2O5 crystallinity that results from the different heat treatments. For a thicker inverted opal formed using a polystyrene template as opposed to a monolayer PMMA template, under similar conditions a different phase of vanadium oxide is observed evident by variations inRaman scattering response.
Oxides , Crystallinities , Diluted solutions , Li-ion batteries , Morphology and structures , Raman scattering spectroscopy , Scattering response , Template removal , Vanadium oxides , Heat treatment , Lithium batteries , Morphology , Raman scattering , Scanning electron microscopy
Armstrong, E., Osiak, M., Glynn, C. and O'Dwyer, C. (2014) 'Investigations into Structure and Chemistry of 1D, 2D and 3D Structured Vanadium Oxide Nanomaterials for Li-Ion Batteries', ECS Transactions, 58(14), pp. 3-12. doi: 0.1149/05814.0003ecst
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