Improved magnetic performance of Cobalt-based ribbons by nanocrystallization through magnetic annealing

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Ahmadian Baghbaderani, Hasan
Masood, Ansar
Pavlovic, Zoran
Teichert, Niclas
Ó Mathúna, S. Cian
McCloskey, Paul
Stamenov, Plamen
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Phase transformation driven soft magnetic properties have been correlated through different stages of nano-crystallization of Co-based amorphous alloys, via transverse magnetic annealing, by combining structural, magnetothermal, domain imaging, and AC/DC magnetometry techniques. The nano-crystallization starts by nucleation and growth process of soft magnetic meta-stable, thermodynamically favored, Co23B6 phase with less nucleation activation energy compared to other stable phases. In the second crystallisation stage, Co2B and Co3B, as a semi-hard magnetic phase, are identified in the alloys, magnetically annealed at 525 and 550 °C, respectively. Field-induced anisotropy dominates over the residual contributions of magneto-crystalline anisotropy of the phases, precipitated after field annealing at 510, 515, and 525 °C. The anomalous loss is significantly reduced as by annealing in a transverse magnetic field due to the reorientation of the preferred magnetisation axis, and consequently, change in dominant magnetization reversal mechanism from domain wall motion to magnetization rotation. In addition, magnetic annealing causes a measurable decrease in the domain width, which, in turn, promotes pinning and inhibits domain wall motion, thus further favours coherent domain rotation as the primary mechanism of magnetization. The combined mechanism of nanocrystallisation and coherent magnetisation rotation accounts for a 70% decrement in the anomalous loss in the so-processed ribbons at 525 °C, which renders them attractive for applications in mid- and high-frequency power supplies and inverters.
Amorphous alloys , Nano-crystallization , Magnetic annealing , Soft magnetic properties , Magnetization reversal process , Magnetostructural transformations
Ahmadian Baghbaderani, H., Masood, A., Pavlovic, Z., Teichert, N., Ó. Mathúna, C., McCloskey, P. and Stamenov, P. (2020) 'Improved magnetic performance of Cobalt-based ribbons by nanocrystallization through magnetic annealing', Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 503, 166630 (9 pp). doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2020.166630
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