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Constitutional protection of children's rights: Visibility, agency and enforceability
Oxford University Press
While almost every state in the world has ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), there is less consensus around the manner in which the rights protected by the CRC should be protected in national constitutions. To say that a constitution makes provision for children's rights is just a starting point: the extent to which a national constitution takes a genuine child rights approach will depend on the quality of the constitutional provisions in question. This paper aims to provide a typology which can be used to assess whether the approach taken by any given constitution to the protection of children's rights is in line with the child rights approach envisaged by CRC by analysing individual constitutions along three separate spectrums. The Visibility spectrum measures how visible children are in a constitutional scheme; the Agency spectrum measures the extent to which children are considered to be independent, autonomous rights holders, while the Enforceability spectrum measures the extent to which children's constitutional rights can be enforced.
Constitutional law , Convention on the Rights of the Child Remedies , Children's rights
O'Mahony, C. (2019) 'Constitutional protection of children's rights: Visibility, agency and enforceability', Human Rights Law Review, 19(3), pp. 401-434. doi: 10.1093/hrlr/ngz017
© 2019, the Author. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.