V2O3 polycrystalline nanorod cathode materials for Li-Ion batteries with long cycle life and high capacity retention

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McNulty, David
Buckley, D. Noel
O'Dwyer, Colm
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We report on the electrochemical performance of V2O3 polycrystalline nanorods (poly-NRs) as a cathode material for Li-ion batteries. Poly-NRs are formed through the thermal treatment of V2O5 nanotubes in a N2 atmosphere. X-ray and electron diffraction techniques are used to confirm the thermal reduction. Through galvanostatic cycling, we demonstrate that poly-NRs offer excellent capacity retention over 750 cycles. The capacity retention from the 50th to the 750th cycle was an impressive 94 %, retaining a capacity of approximately 120 mAh g−1 after 750 cycles. The outstanding stability of the nanocrystal-containing V2O3 poly-NRs over many cycles demonstrates that vanadium(III) oxide (V2O3) performs very well as a cathode material. Full Li-ion cells with paired a V2O3 poly-NR cathode and a pre-charged Co3O4 inverse opal (IO) conversion mode anode demonstrated high initial capacities and retained a capacity of 153 mAh g−1 after 50 cycles. The capacities achieved with our V2O3 poly-NRs/Co3O4 IO full cells are comparable to the capacities obtained from the most commonly used cathode materials when cycled in a half-cell arrangement versus pure Li metal.
Polycrystalline nanorods , Nanocrystal , Li metal , Li-ion batteries , Lithium-ion batteries , V203 , Cathode materials , Energy storage , Nanorods
McNulty, D., Buckley, D. N. and O'Dwyer, C. (2017) 'V2O3 Polycrystalline Nanorod Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries with Long Cycle Life and High Capacity Retention', ChemElectroChem, 4(8), pp. 2037-2044. doi: 10.1002/celc.201700202
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© 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: D. McNulty, D. N. Buckley, C. O'Dwyer, ‘V2O3 Polycrystalline Nanorod Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries with Long Cycle Life and High Capacity Retention’, ChemElectroChem 2017, 4, 2037, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/celc.201700202. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.