The Parkinson's disease gene PINK1 activates Akt via PINK1 kinase-dependent regulation of the phospholipid PI(3,4,5)P3

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Furlong, Rachel M.
Lindsay, Andrew J.
Anderson, Karen E.
Hawkins, Phillip T.
Sullivan, Aideen M.
O'Neill, Cora
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Akt signalling is central to cell survival, metabolism, protein and lipid homeostasis, and is impaired in Parkinson's disease (PD). Akt activation is reduced in the brain in PD, and by many PD-causing genes, including PINK1 This study investigated the mechanisms by which PINK1 regulates Akt signalling. Our results reveal for the first time that PINK1 constitutively activates Akt in a PINK1-kinase dependent manner in the absence of growth factors, and enhances Akt activation in normal growth medium. In PINK1-modified MEFs, agonist-induced Akt signalling failed in the absence of PINK1, due to PINK1 kinase-dependent increases in PI(3,4,5)P3 at both plasma membrane and Golgi being significantly impaired. In the absence of PINK1, PI(3,4,5)P3 levels did not increase in the Golgi, and there was significant Golgi fragmentation, a recognised characteristic of PD neuropathology. PINK1 kinase activity protected the Golgi from fragmentation in an Akt-dependent fashion. This study demonstrates a new role for PINK1 as a primary upstream activator of Akt via PINK1 kinase-dependent regulation of its primary activator PI(3,4,5)P3, providing novel mechanistic information on how loss of PINK1 impairs Akt signalling in PD.
Akt , Neurodegeneration , Parkinson's disease , PINK1 , PIP3
Furlong, R. M., Lindsay, A., Anderson, K. E., Hawkins, P. T., Sullivan, A. M. and O'Neill, C. (2019) 'The Parkinson's disease gene PINK1 activates Akt via PINK1 kinase-dependent regulation of the phospholipid PI(3,4,5)P3', Journal of Cell Science, 132(20), jcs233221, doi: 10.1242/jcs.233221
© 2019. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.