Size controlled synthesis of carbon quantum dots using hydride reducing agents

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Linehan, Keith
Doyle, Hugh
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The Royal Society of Chemistry
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Highly luminescent carbon quantum dots (CQDs) are synthesized at room temperature by hydride reduction of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) within inverse micelles. Regulation of the average diameter of the allylamine terminated CQDs is achieved by varying the strength of the reducing agent used. Transmission electron microscopy shows that the NCs are highly crystalline with well-defined core diameters tuned from 2 to 6 nm, while FTIR and XPS spectroscopy confirm that the CQDs possess similar surface chemistry. UV-Vis and PL spectroscopy show significant quantum confinement effects, with moderate absorption in the UV spectral range, and a strong, narrow luminescence in the visible with a marked dependency on excitation wavelength. Time resolved photoluminescence measurements showed lifetimes for all CQDs in the ns range, while a maximum PL quantum yield of 27% is observed for the CQDs.
Nanocrystals , Nanodots , Graphite , Yields
LINEHAN, K. & DOYLE, H. 2014. Size controlled synthesis of carbon quantum dots using hydride reducing agents. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 2, pp. 6025-6031. doi:10.1039/C4TC00826J
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© 2014, the Authors.