Elimination of oxygen interference in the electrochemical detection of monochloramine, using in situ pH control at interdigitated electrodes

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Seymour, Ian
O'Sullivan, Benjamin
Lovera, Pierre
Rohan, James F.
O'Riordan, Alan
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Disinfection of water systems by chloramination is a method frequently used in North America as an alternative to chlorination. In such a case, monochloramine is used as the primary chlorine source for disinfection. Regular monitoring of the residual concentrations of this species is essential to ensure adequate disinfection. An amperometric sensor for monochloramine would provide fast, reagent-free analysis; however, the presence of dissolved oxygen in water complicates sensor development. In this work, we used in-situ pH control as a method to eliminate oxygen interference by conversion of monochloramine to dichloramine. Unlike monochloramine, the electrochemical reduction of dichloramine occurs outside the oxygen reduction potential window and is therefore not affected by the oxygen concentration. Potential sweep methods were used to investigate the conversion of monochloramine to dichloramine at pH 3. The pH control method was used to calibrate monochloramine concentrations between 1 and 10 ppm, with a detection limit of 0.03 ppm. Tests were carried out in high alkalinity samples, wherein it was found that the sensitivity of this method effectively remained unchanged. Monochloramine was also quantified in the presence of common interferents (copper, phosphate, and iron) which also had no significant impact on the analysis.
Amperometric sensor , Chlorine sensing , Hypochlorous acid , In situ pH control , Interdigitated electrode array , Water quality monitoring
Seymour, I., O'Sullivan, B., Lovera, P., Rohan, J. F. and O'Riordan, A. (2021) 'Elimination of oxygen interference in the electrochemical detection of monochloramine, using in situ pH control at interdigitated electrodes', ACS Sensors, 6(3), pp. 1030-1038. doi: 10.1021/acssensors.0c02264
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© 2021, American Chemical Society. This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in ACS Sensors, after technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see: https://doi.org/10.1021/acssensors.0c02264