Impact of the LTE scheduler on achieving good QoE for DASH video streaming

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Zahran, Ahmed H.
Quinlan, Jason J.
Ramakrishnan, K. K.
Sreenan, Cormac J.
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Dynamic adaptive video over HTTP (DASH) is fast becoming the protocol of choice for content providers for their online video streaming delivery. Concurrently, dependence on cellular Long Term Evolution (LTE) networks is growing to serve user demands for bandwidth-hungry applications, especially video. Each LTE base station's (eNodeB) scheduler assigns wireless resources to individual clients. Several alternative schedulers have been proposed, especially to meet the user's desired quality of experience (QoE) with video. In this paper, we investigate the impact of the scheduler on DASH performance, motivated by the fact that video performance and the underlying traffic models are different from other HTTP/TCP applications. We use our laboratory testbed employing real video content and streaming clients, over a simulated ns-3 LTE network. We quantify the impact of the scheduler and show that it has a significant impact on key video streaming performance metrics such as stalls and QoE, for different client adaptation algorithms. Additionally, we show the impact of user mobility within a cell, which has the side-effect of improving performance by mitigating long-term fading effects. Our detailed assessment of four LTE schedulers in ns-3 shows that the proportional fair scheduler achieves the best overall user experience, although somewhat disadvantaging static cell-edge users.
Streaming media , Measurement , Throughput , Long Term Evolution , Video recording , Quality assessment , Fading channels , Video streaming , Cellular radio , Fading , Long Term Evolution , Mobility management (mobile radio) , Quality of experience , Telecommunication traffic , Transport protocols
Zahran, A. H., Quinlan, J. J., Ramakrishnan, K. K. and Sreenan, C. J. (2016) 'Impact of the LTE scheduler on achieving good QoE for DASH video streaming', 22nd IEEE International Symposium on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks, IEEE LANMAN 2016, Rome, Italy, 13-15 June, 7548861 (7pp). doi: 10.1109/LANMAN.2016.7548861
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