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Caring and anxiety among registered nurses in an acute hospital setting
Vallely Heffernan, Catrina
University College Cork
Background: Even though caring remains the essence of nursing it is still an ambiguous concept as the lens through which each nurse perceives caring differs. The differences are due to multiple factors including the setting in which the nurse works. Nurses experience high levels of anxiety when caring for patients in acute settings. Despite an abundance of published studies on caring there is a dearth of research available that focuses on the relationship between caring and anxiety. Aim: The aim of this research study was to investigate caring and anxiety in a sample of registered nurses working in an acute hospital and to determine the relationship between these and other variables. Method: A quantitative descriptive study using a correlational design was employed, with a sample of 280 registered nurses. The Caring Behaviours Inventory-24 was used to measure caring and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory to measure Anxiety. The study was guided by the Theory of Human Caring (Watson 2008). Findings: Nurses reported high levels of caring and low levels of anxiety. A statistical significant relationship was found between caring and anxiety and between caring and supportive work environment and job satisfaction. A statistical significant relationship was found between anxiety and work environment, job satisfaction gender, age, relationship status and education. Conclusion: This is the first study to investigate the relationship between caring and anxiety in an acute hospital setting. This research contributes to advancing nursing knowledge by providing evidence of the relationship between caring and anxiety among nurses in an acute hospital setting. Despite nurses reporting high levels of caring and low levels of anxiety, it is important to further enhance caring and reduce anxiety levels among all nurses. Thus, educators and managers need to explore strategies for the alleviation of anxiety among nurses, practising in acute care settings.
Caring , Anxiety , Theory of caring
Vallely Heffernan, C. 2016. Caring and anxiety among registered nurses in an acute hospital setting. PhD Thesis, University College Cork.