Dentofacial parameters associated with the unilateral palatally impacted canine
University College Cork
Aims To investigate the relationship between unilateral PIC and specific dentofacial parameters. Materials and methods A sample of 216 subjects, with 108 subjects in the retrospective and prospective samples respectively. Dental parameters: The following dental parameters were assessed: Inter-canine and intermolar width; palatal depth and palatal area; anterior Bolton tooth-size discrepancy (TSD); maxillary arch shape and ratio and maxillary central and lateral incisor shape and ratio. Facial parameters: Three-dimensional (3D) images were taken for subjects in the prospective sample only, and were used to assess the following facial parameters: Face shape; face ratio and 3D distances and angles. Results Dental parameters: Inter-canine width was significantly smaller in the test group compared to the control group in the retrospective (p= 0.0002) and prospective (p= 0.0018) samples respectively. Anterior Bolton TSD was significantly higher in the prospective test group compared to controls (p= 0.0070). Arch ratio was significantly smaller in the test group than the control group for the retrospective sample (p= 0.0029), whereas no significant difference was recorded in the prospective sample (p= 0.1017). Arch shape distribution was significantly different in the retrospective sample (p= 0.009). Tooth shape distribution was significantly different for the maxillary right central incisor in the retrospective sample (p= 0.030). Tooth ratio showed no significant difference for both samples. Facial parameters: Basal width was significantly smaller in the test compared to the control group (p= 0.0001). No significant difference was found in all other 3D distances and angles measured. Conclusion Inter-canine width was significantly smaller in unilateral PIC subjects compared to controls. Anterior Bolton TSD was significantly higher in prospective unilateral PIC compared to controls. Maxillary arch ratio was significantly smaller in retrospective subjects. Square/tapered tooth shape was significantly more common in the retrospective group. Basal width was significantly smaller in subjects with unilateral PIC than controls.
Dentoskeletal features , Palatally impacted canines
Koshak, L. 2015. Dentofacial parameters associated with the unilateral palatally impacted canine. PhD Thesis, University College Cork.