Indefinite. Restriction lift date: 10000-01-01
Synthesis & characterisation of group IV semiconducting nanowires
University College Cork
Semiconductor nanowires, particularly group 14 semiconductor nanowires, have been the subject of intensive research in the recent past. They have been demonstrated to provide an effective, versatile route towards the continued miniaturisation and improvement of microelectronics. This thesis aims to highlight some novel ways of fabricating and controlling various aspects of the growth of Si and Ge nanowires. Chapter 1 highlights the primary technique used for the growth of nanowires in this study, namely, supercritical fluid (SCF) growth reactions. The advantages (and disadvantages) of this technique for the growth of Si and Ge nanowires are highlighted, citing numerous examples from the past ten years. The many variables involved in this technique are discussed along with the resultant characteristics of nanowires produced (diameter, doping, orientation etc.). Chapter 2 outlines the experimental methodologies used in this thesis. The analytical techniques used for the structural characterisation of nanowires produced are also described as well as the techniques used for the chemical analysis of various surface terminations. Chapter 3 describes the controlled self-seeded growth of highly crystalline Ge nanowires, in the absence of conventional metal seed catalysts, using a variety of oligosilylgermane precursors and mixtures of germane and silane compounds. A model is presented which describes the main stages of self-seeded Ge nanowire growth (nucleation, coalescence and Ostwald ripening) from the oligosilylgermane precursors and in conjunction with TEM analysis, a mechanism of growth is proposed. Chapter 4 introduces the metal assisted etching (MAE) of Si substrates to produce Si nanowires. A single step metal-assisted etch (MAE) process, utilising metal ion-containing HF solutions in the absence of an external oxidant, was developed to generate heterostructured Si nanowires with controllable porous (isotropically etched) and non-porous (anisotropically etched) segments. In Chapter 5 the bottom-up growth of Ge nanowires, similar to that described in Chapter 3, and the top down etching of Si, described in Chapter 4, are combined. The introduction of a MAE processing step in order to “sink” the Ag seeds into the growth substrate, prior to nanowire growth, is shown to dramatically decrease the mean nanowire diameters and to narrow the diameter distributions. Finally, in Chapter 6, the biotin – streptavidin interaction was explored for the purposes of developing a novel Si junctionless nanowire transistor (JNT) sensor.
Semiconductor , Functionalisation
Lotty, O. 2013. Synthesis & characterisation of group IV semiconducting nanowires. PhD Thesis, University College Cork.