A fully-printed 3D antenna with 92% quasi-isotropic and 85% CP coverage

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Su, Zhen
Klionovski, Kirill
Liao, Hanguang
Li, Weiwei
Shamim, Atif
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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
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Internet of things (IoT) applications require orientation insensitive wireless devices to maintain stable and reliable communication. For those reasons, antennas providing a wide quasi-isotropic and circular polarization (CP) coverage are very attractive. However, achieving a wide quasi-isotropic and CP coverage simultaneously is challenging. In this work, we show that properly designed sloped dipoles on a 3D structure can maximize the CP coverage (theoretically up to 100%) even with equal-phased feed to the dipole elements. We derive the conditions and present the design graphs for the optimum slope angle for the dipole elements on a 3D hexagonal-shaped package to achieve a wide quasi-isotropic and CP coverage simultaneously. Based on the proposed theory, a practical antenna has been designed and fabricated using additive manufacturing. The measured results demonstrate a 7dB-isotropy of 92% and a CP coverage of 85%, which matches well with the predicted results from the theoretical analysis and full-wave simulations.
Circularly polarized antenna , Quasi-isotropic radiation pattern , Orientation insensitive antenna
Su, Z., Klionovski, K., Liao, H., Li, W. and Shamim, A. (2022) 'A fully-printed 3D antenna with 92% quasi-isotropic and 85% CP coverage', IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation. doi: 10.1109/TAP.2022.3168688
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