Motion artifact resistant mounting of acoustic emission sensors for knee joint monitoring

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Khokhlova, Liudmila
Komaris, Dimitrios-Sokratis
Tedesco, Salvatore
O'Flynn, Brendan
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Among the many diverse methods of recording biological signals, sound and acoustic emission monitoring are becoming popular for data acquisition; however, these sensors tend to be very susceptible to motion artefacts and noise. In the case of joint monitoring, this issue is even more significant, considering that joint sounds are recorded during limb movements to establish joint health and performance. This paper investigates different sensor attachment methods for acoustic emission monitoring of the knee, which could lead to reduced motion and skin movement artefacts and improve the quality of sensory data sets. As a proof-of-concept study, several methods were tested over a range of exercises to evaluate noise resistance and signal quality. The signals least affected by motion artefacts were recorded when using high-density ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) foam holders, attached to the skin with double-sided biocompatible adhesive tape. Securing and isolating the connecting cable with foam is also recommended to avoid noise due to the cable movement. Clinical Relevance— The results of this study will be useful in joint AE monitoring, as well as in other methods of body sound recording that involve the mounting of relatively heavy sensors, such as phonocardiography and respiratory monitoring.
Acoustic emission , On-body sensor monitoring , Motion artifacts , Sensor attachment , Joint sounds
Khokhlova, L., Komaris, D.-S., Tedesco, S. and O'Flynn, B. (2021) 'Motion artifact resistant mounting of acoustic emission sensors for knee joint monitoring', EMBC 2021, 43rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society, Virtual Event, 01- 05 Nov, pp. 7300-7303. doi: 10.1109/EMBC46164.2021.9629954