Socioeconomic inequalities of cardiovascular risk factors among manufacturing employees in the Republic of Ireland: a cross-sectional study

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Date
2015-08-13
Authors
Tracey, Marsha L.
Fitzgerald, Sarah
Geaney, Fiona
Perry, Ivan J.
Greiner, Birgit A.
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Elsevier Inc.
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Abstract
Objectives: To explore socioeconomic differences in four cardiovascular disease risk factors (overweight/obesity, smoking, hypertension, height) among manufacturing employees in the Republic of Ireland (ROI). Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 850 manufacturing employees aged 18–64 years. Education and job position served as socioeconomic indicators. Group-specific differences in prevalence were assessed with the Chi-squared test. Multivariate regression models were explored if education and job position were independent predictors of the CVD risk factors. Cochran–Armitage test for trend was used to assess the presence of a social gradient. Results: A social gradient was found across educational levels for smoking and height. Employees with the highest education were less likely to smoke compared to the least educated employees (OR 0.2, [95% CI 0.1–0.4]; p b 0.001). Lower educational attainment was associated with a reduction in mean height. Non-linear differences were found in both educational level and job position for obesity/overweight. Managers were more than twice as likely to be overweight or obese relative to those employees in the lowest job position (OR 2.4 [95% CI 1.3–4.6]; p = 0.008). Conclusion: Socioeconomic inequalities in height, smoking and overweight/obesity were highlighted within a sub-section of the working population in ROI.
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Keywords
Cross-sectional study , Social gradient of health , Education , Job position , Occupation , Cardiovascular risk factors
Citation
Tracey, M. L., Fitzgerald, S., Geaney, F., Perry, I. J. and Greiner, B. (2015) ‘Socioeconomic inequalities of cardiovascular risk factors among manufacturing employees in the Republic of Ireland: a cross-sectional study’, Preventive Medicine Reports, 2, pp. 699–703. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.08.003