Alcohol consumption among university students: a typology of consumption to aid the tailoring of effective public health policy

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dc.contributor.author Davoren, Martin P.
dc.contributor.author Cronin, Mary
dc.contributor.author Perry, Ivan J.
dc.contributor.author O'Connor, Karl
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-29T16:31:42Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-29T16:31:42Z
dc.date.issued 2016-11-15
dc.identifier.citation Davoren, M. P., Cronin M., Perry I. J. and O’Connor, K. (2016) ‘Alcohol consumption among university students: a typology of consumption to aid the tailoring of effective public health policy’, BMJ Open, 6:e011815. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011815 en
dc.identifier.volume 6 en
dc.identifier.issued 11 en
dc.identifier.startpage e011815-1 en
dc.identifier.endpage e011815-10 en
dc.identifier.issn 2044-6055
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/3325
dc.identifier.doi 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011815
dc.description.abstract Objective: Elevated levels of alcohol consumption among university students are well documented. Policymakers have attempted to combat this issue at a university, national and international level. Tailoring public health policy to effectively tackle alcohol use is crucial. Using Q-methodology, the current study aims to develop a typology of alcohol consumption in the Irish university student population. Setting: A large Irish university. Participants Hundreds of possible statements on types of consumption were generated from a systematic review and a set of one-on-one interviews. These were reduced to 36 statements, 6 statements which define each of the 6 previously defined consumption types. Participants were advised to scan through the 36 statements and fill the statements into a ‘forced choice, standardised distribution’. Following this, a 45–90 min interview was conducted with students to illuminate subjectivity surrounding alcohol consumption. Analysis was conducted using PQ Method and NVivo software. Principal component analysis, followed by varimax rotation, was conducted to uncover the final factor information. Results: In total, 43 students completed the Q-study: 19 men and 24 women. A typology describing 4 distinct groupings of alcohol consumer was uncovered: the guarded drinker, the calculated hedonist, the peer-influenced drinker and the inevitable binger. Factor loadings of each of the consumer groupings were noted for type description. Conclusions: This is the first study to propose ideal types of alcohol consumption among a university student population. Further research is required to investigate the degree to which each of these ideal types is subscribed. However, this typology, in addition to informing public policy and strategies, will be a valuable analytic tool in future research. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher BMJ Publishing Group: en
dc.rights © 2016, The Authors. This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work noncommercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ en
dc.rights.uri http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ en
dc.subject Alcohol consumption en
dc.subject University students en
dc.subject Public health en
dc.subject Ireland en
dc.title Alcohol consumption among university students: a typology of consumption to aid the tailoring of effective public health policy en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Martin Davoren, Student Health Services, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: m.davoren@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2016-11-29T16:23:17Z
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.internal.rssid 373109939
dc.internal.rssid 387109090
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle BMJ Open en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No !!CORA!! en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress Mary.Cronin@ucc.ie
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress m.davoren@ucc.ie en


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© 2016, The Authors. This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work noncommercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2016, The Authors. This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work noncommercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
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