Virtual synchronous-machine control of voltage-source converters in a low-voltage microgrid

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Hogan, Diarmaid J.
Gonzalez-Espin, F.
Hayes, John G.
Lightbody, Gordon
Albiol-Tendillo, Laura
Foley, Ray
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Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
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In order to facilitate the further integration of distributed renewable generation into existing power systems, enhanced control schemes for grid-tied power electronic converters are necessary to ensure non-synchronous power sources can provide power and support to the grid. The virtual-synchronous-machine concept proposes the use of control schemes to enable static generators to operate with the dynamics of rotating synchronous generators. In this paper, a control scheme is presented based on the principle of active-power synchronization to regulate the active power of a grid-tied voltage-source converter based on an emulation of the synchronous-machine swing equation. Design of a cascaded inner-loop voltage and resonant current control is presented to regulate the output voltage as specified via the outer-loop virtual-machine control scheme responsible for power regulation. The performance of this control scheme is investigated within the context of microgrid operation for the provision of active and reactive power to the system, and microgrid frequency support. Experimental validation is provided via the use of a 15 kVA three-phase VSC in a 90 kVA 400V microgrid.
Voltage control , Capacitors , Microgrids , Power harmonic filters , Power system dynamics , Reactive power , Transfer functions , Ancillary Services , Microgrid , Vector Control , Virtual Synchronous-Machine , Voltage-Source Converter
Hogan, D. J., Gonzalez-Espin, F., Hayes, J. G., Lightbody, G., Albiol-Tendillo, L. and Foley, R. (2016) ‘Virtual synchronous-machine control of voltage-source converters in a low-voltage microgrid’, 18th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'16 ECCE Europe), Karlsruhe, Germany, 5-9 September. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), pp. 1-10. doi:10.1109/EPE.2016.7695503
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