Quantum state transfer via invariant based shortcuts to adiabaticity

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Kiely, Anthony
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University College Cork
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Adiabatic processes in quantum mechanics are very useful to prepare and manipulate quantum states but have the drawback of requiring long operation times. Hence there is a long time for the system to interact with its environment which can lead to a loss of coherence of the final state. This decoherence is problematic for implementing future quantum technologies which require the state's quantum mechanical features. “Shortcuts to Adiabaticity"(STA) provides a toolbox of methods to improve on adiabatic processes. Using these methods one can derive alternative processes which work for much shorter times with perfect fidelity. Since adiabatic processes are ubiquitous in atomic, molecular and optical physics, there is a broad scope of application for STA. In this thesis, STA (especially those using Lewis-Riesenfeld invariants) are applied to a variety of quantum systems for the purpose of quantum state transfer. In particular I show that STA control schemes in two- and three-level systems can be optimised to be more stable against unwanted uncontrollable transitions than adiabatic methods with the same operation time. I also show that STA methods can be applied in a triple well ring system with complex tunnelling, in optical lattices for the purposes of generating a higher orbital state of neutral atoms and in Penning traps to quickly compress or expand the trapped ion wavefunction. Finally I also investigate the effect of classical Poisson white noise on adiabatic processes.
Quantum physics , Quantum optics , Shortcuts to adiabaticity
Kiely, A. 2017. Quantum state transfer via invariant based shortcuts to adiabaticity. PhD Thesis, University College Cork.