Protective lifestyle behaviours and depression in middle-aged Irish men and women: a secondary analysis.

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dc.contributor.author Maher, Gillian M.
dc.contributor.author Perry, Catherine P.
dc.contributor.author Perry, Ivan J.
dc.contributor.author Harrington, Janas M.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-29T14:40:42Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-29T14:40:42Z
dc.date.issued 2016-05-16
dc.identifier.citation Maher, G. M., Perry, C. P., Perry, I. J. and Harrington, J. M. (2016) 'Protective lifestyle behaviours and depression in middle-aged Irish men and women: a secondary analysis', Public Health Nutrition, 19(16), pp. 2999-3006. doi: 10.1017/S1368980016001105 en
dc.identifier.volume 19 en
dc.identifier.issued 16 en
dc.identifier.startpage 2999 en
dc.identifier.endpage 3006 en
dc.identifier.issn 1475-2727
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/4205
dc.identifier.doi 10.1017/S1368980016001105
dc.description.abstract To examine the association between protective lifestyle behaviours (PLB) and depression in middle-aged Irish adults. Secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study. PLB (non-smoker, moderate alcohol, physical activity, adequate fruit and vegetable intake) were assessed using a general health and lifestyle questionnaire and a validated FFQ. Depression was assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. A score of 15–21 indicates mild/moderate depression and a score of 22 or more indicates a possibility of major depression. Binary logistic regression was used to examine the association between PLB and depression. Livinghealth Clinic, Mitchelstown, North Cork, Republic of Ireland. Men and women aged 50–69 years were selected at random from a list of patients registered at the clinic (n 2047, 67 % response rate). Over 8 % of participants engaged in zero or one PLB, 24 % and 39 % had two and three PLB respectively, while 28 % had four PLB. Those who practised three/four PLB were significantly more likely to be female, have a higher level of education and were categorised as having no depressive symptoms. Engaging in zero or one PLB was significantly associated with an increased odds of depression compared with four PLB. Results remained significant after adjusting for several confounders, including age, gender, education and BMI (OR=2·2; 95 % CI 1·2, 4·0; P for trend=0·001). While causal inference cannot be established in a cross-sectional study, the findings suggest that healthy behaviours may play a vital role in the promotion of positive mental health or, at a minimum, are associated with lower levels of depression. en
dc.description.sponsorship Health Research Board Ireland ((grant number SSS-2014-808), (grant number HRC/2007/13)) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Cambridge University Press en
dc.relation.uri https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/public-health-nutrition
dc.rights © The Authors 2016 en
dc.subject Lifestyle en
dc.subject Diet en
dc.subject Smoking en
dc.subject Alcohol en
dc.subject Physical activity en
dc.subject Depression en
dc.subject Public health en
dc.title Protective lifestyle behaviours and depression in middle-aged Irish men and women: a secondary analysis. en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Janas Harrington, Epidemiology & Public Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: j.harrington@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2017-06-29T14:30:42Z
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.internal.rssid 358846377
dc.internal.pmid 27181843
dc.contributor.funder Health Research Board en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Public Health Nutrition en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No !!CORA!! en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress j.harrington@ucc.ie en


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