Smallholder agriculture and food and nutrition security: a study from south-eastern Tigray, Ethiopia

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dc.contributor.advisor Chisholm, Nicholas G. en
dc.contributor.advisor Lahiff, Edward en
dc.contributor.author Kahsay, Zenebe Abraha
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-08T10:24:55Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-08T10:24:55Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.date.submitted 2017
dc.identifier.citation Kahsay, Z. A. 2017. Smallholder agriculture and food and nutrition security: a study from south-eastern Tigray, Ethiopia. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.identifier.endpage 246 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/4672
dc.description.abstract Smallholder agriculture is the mainstay of the economy of Tigray, northern Ethiopia. Households located in the food insecure south-eastern zone rely on agriculture for their livelihood. Supplementary income is obtained from a range of off/non-farm activities. Households in the area consume a restricted diet, dominated by cereals. This study examines smallholder agriculture and food and nutrition security of rural households using mainly survey data collected in the post- and pre-harvest seasons from 400 randomly selected households across four villages in Enderta and Hintalo-Wajerat districts. Quantitative and qualitative analyses were used. Households in the study area own small areas of land (average size only 0.8 ha), but with important differences across study villages and between gender of household heads, thereby influencing food availability. Ownership of livestock has also similar patterns. Wealthier households (generally correlated with higher income groups) both produce and consume more nutrient-rich food items. Off-farm income comprises 74% of female-headed households’ income (47% for male-headed households). A number of food security indicators were calculated by village, season and gender of household head. These indicators generally showed that food insecurity is higher in the preharvest season and amongst female-headed households. Location, livestock ownership and household income were significantly associated with the main food security indicators. Education level of mothers was associated with better food security in the pre-harvest season, supporting women’s empowerment to improved nutrition. Farming practices influence dietary diversity through a combination of production for ownconsumption and income effects. The study concludes that there is a need to develop policy and specific agricultural interventions to promote more nutrition-sensitive agriculture. This implies a range of actions, including promoting women’s empowerment. There is a need for enhanced promotion of information and knowledge at household level to encourage greater dietary diversity. Multisectoral policy making and implementation need to be strengthened. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2017, Zenebe Abraha Kahsay. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ en
dc.subject HDDS en
dc.subject FCS en
dc.subject HFIAS en
dc.subject CSI en
dc.subject Tigray en
dc.subject Ethiopia en
dc.subject Food and nutrition security en
dc.subject Post- and pre-harvest seasons en
dc.subject Off/non-farm activities en
dc.subject Access to food en
dc.subject Village (tabia) en
dc.title Smallholder agriculture and food and nutrition security: a study from south-eastern Tigray, Ethiopia en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Food Science and Technology) en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info No embargo required en
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.contributor.funder Irish Aid en
dc.contributor.funder Higher Education Authority en
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en
dc.internal.school Environmental Research Institute en
dc.internal.school Food Business and Development en
dc.check.type No Embargo Required
dc.check.reason No embargo required en
dc.check.opt-out Not applicable en
dc.thesis.opt-out false
dc.check.embargoformat Not applicable en
ucc.workflow.supervisor n.chisholm@ucc.ie
dc.internal.conferring Autumn 2017 en


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© 2017, Zenebe Abraha Kahsay. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017, Zenebe Abraha Kahsay.
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