Topographic anisotropy in continuous magnetic films with two-dimensional surface nanomodulation
Li, S. P.
Godsell, Jeffrey F.
Artificial and local control of spin-configuration in nanoscale in continuous magnetic films could enable new spin-based electronics and precision sensor technologies. Extensive theoretical research has recently been devoted to examination of surface nanovariation mediated magnetism and its utility, which has been demonstrated only in one-dimensional surface modulation. However, a realization of engineered spin configuration using two-dimensional (2D) nanomodulation is limited by local vortex formation induced by magnetostatic energy. In this work we demonstrate for the first time, an ability to control the anisotropy in continuous magnetic films by periodic surface nanomodulation in two-dimensions (2D). Magnetic properties of NiFe films with nanomodulated surfaces have been studied as a function of both film thickness and modulation amplitude. For films with a patterned square array (without breaking the film continuity), a clear fourfold symmetry of anisotropy field and coercivity was observed with rotation angle. An experimental phase diagram of anisotropy with respect to film thickness and modulation amplitude has been produced which delineates that the observed fourfold anisotropy is induced by the magnetostatic effect. The observed dependence of anisotropy field on film thickness and surface modulation amplitude agrees well with the developed theory. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3501111]
Magnetic films , Magnetic anisotropy , Anisotropy , Coercive force , Thin film structure
Li, S. P., Godsell, J. F. and Roy, S. (2010) 'Topographic anisotropy in continuous magnetic films with two-dimensional surface nanomodulation', Journal of Applied Physics, 108(9), 093915 (5pp). doi: 10.1063/1.3501111
© 2010, American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing. The following article appeared in Li, S. P., Godsell, J. F. and Roy, S. (2010) 'Topographic anisotropy in continuous magnetic films with two-dimensional surface nanomodulation', Journal of Applied Physics, 108(9), 093915 (5pp). doi: 10.1063/1.3501111 and may be found at http://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.3501111