A cross-national study on gender differences in suicide intent

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Freeman, Aislinne
dc.contributor.author Mergl, Roland
dc.contributor.author Kohls, Elisabeth
dc.contributor.author Szekely, Andras
dc.contributor.author Gusmão, Ricardo
dc.contributor.author Arensman, Ella
dc.contributor.author Koburger, Nicole
dc.contributor.author Hegerl, Ulrich
dc.contributor.author Rummel-Kluge, Christine
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-26T11:39:20Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-26T11:39:20Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Freeman, A., Mergl, R., Kohls, E., Székely, A., Gusmao, R., Arensman, E., Koburger, N., Hegerl, U. and Rummel-Kluge, C. (2017) 'A cross-national study on gender differences in suicide intent', BMC Psychiatry, 17(1), 234 (11pp). doi: 10.1186/s12888-017-1398-8 en
dc.identifier.volume 17
dc.identifier.issn 1471-244X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/4792
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/s12888-017-1398-8
dc.description.abstract Background: Suicide accounts for over 58,000 deaths in Europe per annum, where suicide attempts are estimated to be 20 times higher. Males have been found to have a disproportionately lower rate of suicide attempts and an excessively higher rate of suicides compared to females. The gender difference in suicide intent is postulated to contribute towards this gender imbalance. The aim of this study is to explore gender differences in suicide intent in a cross-national study of suicide attempts. The secondary aims are to investigate the gender differences in suicide attempt across age and country. Methods: Data on suicide attempts (acquired from the EU-funded OSPI-Europe project) was obtained from eight regions in Germany, Hungary, Ireland and Portugal. Suicide intent data was categorized into 'Non-habitual Deliberate Self-Harm' (DSH), 'Parasuicidal Pause' (SP), 'Parasuicidal Gesture' (SG), and 'Serious Suicide Attempt' (SSA), applying the Feuerlein scale. Gender differences in intent were explored for significance by using X-2-tests, odds ratios, and regression analyses. Results: Suicide intent data from 5212 participants was included in the analysis. A significant association between suicide intent and gender was found, where 'Serious Suicide Attempts' (SSA) were rated significantly more frequently in males than females (p < .001). There was a statistically significant gender difference in intent and age groups (p < .001) and between countries (p < .001). Furthermore, within the most utilised method, intentional drug overdose, 'Serious Suicide Attempt' (SSA) was rated significantly more often for males than females (p < .005). Conclusions: Considering the differences in suicidal intent between males and females highlighted by the current study, gender targeted prevention and intervention strategies would be recommended. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Biomed Central Ltd en
dc.relation.uri https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12888-017-1398-8
dc.rights © 2017, the Authors. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject Suicide en
dc.subject Attempt en
dc.subject Intent en
dc.subject Gender differences en
dc.subject Suicidal behaviour en
dc.subject European alliance en
dc.subject Parasuicide en
dc.subject Depression en
dc.subject Behavior en
dc.subject Death en
dc.subject Associations en
dc.subject Hopelessness en
dc.subject Attempters en
dc.subject Countries en
dc.subject Paradox en
dc.title A cross-national study on gender differences in suicide intent en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Ella Arensman, Epidemiology & Public Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: earensman@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.internal.wokid WOS:000405817900003
dc.contributor.funder Seventh Framework Programme
dc.contributor.funder FP7 People: Marie-Curie Actions
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle BMC Psychiatry en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress earensman@ucc.ie en
dc.identifier.articleid 234
dc.relation.project info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7::SP3::PEOPLE/316795/EU/Mental Health Training through Research Network in Europe/MARATONE
dc.relation.project info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7::SP1::HEALTH/223138/EU/Optimizing suicide prevention programs and their implementation in Europe/OSPI-EUROPE


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

© 2017, the Authors. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017, the Authors. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
This website uses cookies. By using this website, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with the UCC Privacy and Cookies Statement. For more information about cookies and how you can disable them, visit our Privacy and Cookies statement