Identification of secondary metabolite gene clusters in the Pseudovibrio genus reveals encouraging biosynthetic potential toward the production of novel bioactive compounds

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Date
2017
Authors
Naughton, Lynn M.
Romano, Stefano
O'Gara, Fergal
Dobson, Alan D. W.
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Frontiers Media S.A.
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Abstract
Increased incidences of antimicrobial resistance and the emergence of pan-resistant 'superbugs' have provoked an extreme sense of urgency amongst researchers focusing on the discovery of potentially novel antimicrobial compounds. A strategic shift in focus from the terrestrial to the marine environment has resulted in the discovery of a wide variety of structurally and functionally diverse bioactive compounds from numerous marine sources, including sponges. Bacteria found in close association with sponges and other marine invertebrates have recently gained much attention as potential sources of many of these novel bioactive compounds. Members of the genus Pseudovibrio are one such group of organisms. In this study, we interrogate the genomes of 21 Pseudovibrio strains isolated from a variety of marine sources, for the presence, diversity and distribution of biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs). We expand on results obtained from antiSMASH analysis to demonstrate the similarity between the Pseudovibriorelated BGCs and those characterized in other bacteria and corroborate our findings with phylogenetic analysis. We assess how domain organization of the most abundant type of BGCs present among the isolates (Non-ribosomal peptide synthetases and Polyketide synthases) may influence the diversity of compounds produced by these organisms and highlight for the first time the potential for novel compound production from this genus of bacteria, using a genome guided approach.
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Keywords
Symbiont , PKS , NRPS , Antibiotic resistance , Bioactive compounds , Nonribosomal peptide synthetases , Marine natural products , Neighbor joining method , Polyketide synthases , Colibactin biosynthesis , Sp nov , Sponges , Discovery , Bacteria , Actinomycete
Citation
Naughton, L. M., Romano, S., O’Gara, F. and Dobson, A. D. W. (2017) 'Identification of secondary metabolite gene clusters in the Pseudovibrio genus reveals encouraging biosynthetic potential toward the production of novel bioactive compounds', Frontiers in Microbiology, 8, 1494 (15pp). doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01494