Optical spectroscopy and Doppler tomography of Cygnus X-2

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Elebert, Patrick
Callanan, Paul J.
Torres, M. A. P.
Garcia, M. R.
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Oxford University Press
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We present phase resolved optical spectroscopy and Doppler tomography of V1341 Cygni, the optical counterpart to the neutron star low-mass X-ray binary (LMXB) Cygnus X-2 (Cyg X-2). We derive a radial velocity (RV) curve for the secondary star, finding a projected RV semi-amplitude of K(2) = 79 +/- 3 km s(-1), leading to a mass function of 0.51 +/- 0.06 M(circle dot), similar to 30 per cent lower than the previous estimate. We tentatively attribute the lower value of K(2) (compared to that obtained by other authors) to variations in the X-ray irradiation of the secondary star at different epochs of observations. The limited phase coverage and/or longer timebase of previous observations may also contribute to the difference in K(2). Our value for the mass function implies a primary mass of 1.5 +/- 0.3 M(circle dot), somewhat lower than previous dynamical estimates, but consistent with the value found by analysis of type-I X-ray bursts from this system. Our Doppler tomography of the broad He II lambda 4686 line reveals that most of the emission from this line is produced on the irradiated face of the donor star, with little emission from the accretion disc. In contrast, the Doppler tomogram of the N III lambda 4640.64 Bowen blend line shows bright emission from near the gas stream/accretion disc impact region, with fainter emission from the gas stream and secondary star. This is the first LMXB for which the Bowen blend is dominated by emission from the gas stream/accretion disc impact region, without comparable emission from the secondary star. This has implications for the interpretation of Bowen blend Doppler tomograms of other LMXBs for which the ephemeris may not be accurately known.
Accretion , Accretion discs , Stars , Individual , Cygnus X-2 , V1341 Cygni , Stars , Neutron , X-rays , Binaries
Elebert, P., Callanan, P. J., Torres, M. A. P. and Garcia, M. R. (2009) 'Optical spectroscopy and Doppler tomography of Cygnus X-2', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 395(4), pp. 2029-2038. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.14685.x
© 2009, the Authors. Journal compilation © 2009, RAS