A scoping review of ultrasound teaching in undergraduate medical education

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Birrane, John
Misran, Hafiza
Creaney, Moninne
Shorten, George D.
Nix, Catherine Moyra
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Springer International Publishing AG
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Introduction: Increasingly, medical schools are integrating Point of Care Ultrasound (POCUS) into their curricula. This review investigated the available literature on how best to integrate POCUS in the teaching of medical students and the benefits of doing so. Methods: Given the heterogeneous literature that has emerged on POCUS education, a scoping review was conducted. Relevant medical databases, including PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE and CINAHL, were searched between January 1980 and August 2016, using keywords identified by the authors. Inclusion criteria were as follows: prospective or retrospective studies, observational or intervention studies, and studies describing how medical students learn to use ultrasound. Results: The literature search yielded 593 articles, of which 128 met the inclusion criteria. Studies that met the inclusion criteria were sub-categorised under the following headings: those that described or evaluated an ultrasound curriculum, those that employed ultrasound as a means of teaching another topic in the curriculum (i.e., anatomy, physical examination, physiology, invasive procedures), those that investigated the learning curve of ultrasound education and those that employed adjuncts or peer mentoring to teach ultrasound. Conclusions: The reviewed literature indicates that the integration of ultrasound in undergraduate medical education is both feasible and beneficial to medical students. This article is intended to inform medical educators aiming to integrate ultrasound into their medical school curricula.
Medical education , Curriculum evaluation , Undergraduate teaching , Ultrasound education , Point of care ultrasound , POCUS
Birrane, J., Misran, H., Creaney, M., Shorten, G. and Nix, C. M. (2017) 'A scoping review of ultrasound teaching in undergraduate medical education', Medical Science Educator. pp. 1-12. doi: 10.1007/s40670-017-0491-4